Denny's reviews

Scotch Whisky

2008.12.19 19:35 Scotch Whisky

a subreddit for Scotch enthusiasts of all walks of life and of all levels of knowledge on anything Scotch Whisky related.

2023.06.01 23:27 PhD_Egg April-May Sephora Empties! Review

April-May Sephora Empties! Review
Hi all!
I didn’t want to do a yearly product review again, so I decided to do a bi-monthly one instead! I included all prior reviews (including these) below in my document.
I didn’t include reviews on the sample packets, but feel free to ask questions!
Here is my shared word document with EVERY SEPHORA PRODUCT I’ve EVER used —> CLICK ME
Reviewed as follows: LOVE > LIKE > OK > NOPE
I have very dry skin in the winter and more normal/oily skin in the summer. Have curly, dry hair.
Shortened version from my document:
Shani Darden Hydration Peptide Cream - OK - “Was no better than a drug store moisturizer. Wouldn’t recommend for the price point.”
Necessaire Body Wash - LOVE - “Love this body wash. It’s rare to come across a fragrance free one that works so well and doesn’t irritate me. 10/10.”
Paula’s Choice Ultra-Rich Moisturizer - LIKE - “Really good moisturizer for dry skin. I would repurchase, but skinfix barrier+ is JUST a little better and helps my redness more.”
Algenist Triple Algae Eye Renewal Balm - LOVE - “wowowow this sample lasted me MONTHS. The results were also great! Super moisturizing and helped with my dark circles.”
Paula’s Choice 10% Niacinimide Booster - LIKE - “I’ve used this for 2 years now. It has been amazing and a constant repurchase, but I’m gonna try and use other niacinimide products that have less niacinimide to see if I REALLY need this much niacinimide.”
Biossance Squalane + Vitamin C Rose Moisturizer - OK - “It did it’s duty when my vitamin C serum ran out, but don’t see myself replacing my serum with this anytime soon. Fine moisturizer with brightening effects.”
SOS Tower 28 Spray - LOVE - “This does an AWESOME job at keeping my skin acne free, especially in the summer time. Highly recommend this product to anyone who suffers from hormonal acne/chin acne.”
Sunday Riley Good Genes All-in-One Lactic Acid Treatment - OK - “I prefer other lactic acid/exfoliants to this. It didn’t do anything bad to me, but felt like my Dr Dennis Gross Vitamin C, but without the vitamin C. Extremely small amount of lactic acid, so not a good heavy exfoliant either.”
Estée Lauder Advanced Night Repair - OK - “The definition of meh. Just okay, didn’t do anything.”
Necessarie The Scalp Serum - LOVE - “LOVED this product. I genuinely feel like my hair got thicker and fuller. WILL repurchase. Big bonus is it just felt like water, not oily at all.”
Murad Retinol Youth Remedy Night Cream - LIKE - “Great retinol cream I’d recommend to others! Caused no acne. Took care of all the above on chest+neck, but ultimately I don’t LOVE it because dr Dennis gross retinol cream does the same thing and is cheaper.”
Tatcha the Dewy Serum - NOPE - “Oof, this irritated me badly. Good thing I didn’t buy the full size like I wanted to! Not worth the price and broke me out + immediately made my skin hurt.”
K18 Peptide Prep Detox Shampoo - LOVE - “Cleanses my hair without totally stripping it. Gets rid of any buildup I have. 10/10 amazing detox shampoo.”
Skinfix Resurface+ Scrub - LOVE - “THE BEST body scrub for KP. Makes my skin silky smooth and destroys my chest acne. Doesn’t leave me red. 10/10.”
Tatcha Indigo Overnight Repair - OK - “When I first used this product it was amazing. I woke up with smooth skin and loved how glassy my skin looked. However, over time, my skin got worse with each use. My skin started to get larger red dots on one of my cheeks. The beginning of the cream is better than the end.”
Farmacy Green Clean - LIKE - “I was considering buying this again….until it stopped being sold in Canada. RIP. Anyways it’s great, my favorite cleaning balm, no irritation and left me silky smooth!”
Paula’s Choice Niacinimide 20% Treatment - LIKE - “I used this specifically when I had my period or during the summer months when my skin got crazy oily. Works well for those times! I am considering buying it again since it’s summer, It did not irritate me when I was more oily, however did irritate me when my skin was drier.”
Paula’s Choice Advanced Replenishing Toner - LOVE - “AWESOME toner. Really helps give my skin extra moisture during the winter months. Doesn’t irritate my skin and calms most redness I have.”
Dermatologica Circular Hydration Serum - OK - “It didn’t break me out, but it felt completely unecessary and made me sweat really bad for some reason. My entire face felt heavy. Great for the extra hydration I guess, but just not for me.”
Biossance Squalane + Copper Peptide Rapid Plumping Serum - LIKE - “Realy liked this product for forming and plumping! Just don’t think I can fit it in my regime. Could work well for someone who could fit it in their routine.”
Sulwhasoo First Care - OK - “I don’t think it really did anything for my skin. It just sort of existed in the same space as me for awhile.”
Paula’s choice Lipscreen - LOVE - “Favorite chapstick! Great SPF and works like any other clear chapstick does. Good basic product.”
Charlotte Tilbury Magic Cream - OK - “It was fine. It was very moisturizing for the winter times, but I ultimately wouldn’t pay this much. I would prefer to spend money on the skinfix barrier+ moisturizer instead.”
Skinfix Barrier+ Triple Lipid-Peptide cream - LOVE - “The holy grail of moisturizers. I always wake up with glass skin when using this. Helps moisturize my skin after using my BP/adapalene treatment and usually calms down my skin. 10/10.”
Thanks guys and feel free to ask questions!
submitted by PhD_Egg to Sephora [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 18:32 chronic-venting Katy Butler covered the Ramona recovered-memory trial in Napa County last spring for the _Los Angeles Times_ magazine. She is a staff writer for the _San Francisco Chronicle_ and works as a consulting editor for _Psychotherapy Networker_

February 5, 1995
On May 8, 1991, seven years after her father's death, a graying, impeccably groomed former Miss America named Marilyn Van Derbur walked to a podium in a small auditorium on the University of Colorado's Denver campus. Announcing a family gift of $260,000 to a university research program on child sexual abuse, the onetime Outstanding Woman Speaker in America said that her late father, Francis—a millionaire philanthropist whose name was inscribed on the local Boy Scout building—had repeatedly violated her between the ages of 5 and 18.
Van Derbur said she had no conscious memories of what her father had done to her until she was 24. She had coped, she said, by somehow splitting herself. A high-achieving "day child" skied, played the piano and studied hard—utterly failing to incorporate any awareness of a mute, terrified "night child" whose legs, she said, were repeatedly pried apart in the darkness by her father's insistent hands.
Van Derbur thought she was speaking only to the people in the room that night, but a reporter was there taking notes. Her secret—the kind once taken to the grave or contained in the female domain of gossip—was about to cross the border into the public realm and become news.
Within a day or two, radio talk shows were debating whether she was lying, deluded or telling the truth. Her total "forgetting" of repeated horrors for many years seemed to defy common sense.
Three days after the speech, Marilyn Van Derbur's oldest sister, Gwen, an attorney in Hillsborough, Calif., told the Rocky Mountain News that she, too, had been molested by their father—but she had never forgotten. With that, most questions about Marilyn Van Derbur's credibility and memory ended, and last year her father's name was removed from the Denver Boy Scout building.
But the floodgates had been opened. If power consists in part of determining whose stories will be told and whose believed, the balance of power was shifting. After nearly a century in which many psychiatrists—most of them [cis] male—dismissed such reports as hysterical fantasies, women and men who were sexually abused in childhood lost patience with being spoken about and began to speak for themselves. It was as though Lolita had taken the pen from Humbert Humbert's hand.
The revelations began in the 1980s at 12-step meetings for Adult Children of Alcoholics; they were whispered to a new generation of mostly female therapists whose clients were financially independent women. By 1994, more than 800,000 women had bought a self-help book called The Courage to Heal.
A window had opened, letting in darkness rather than light. Never before in history had so many women accused so many seemingly respectable men.
Little attention has been paid to the feelings of parents accused of abuse—either the innocent or the guilty. Now a comforting counter-explanation for the nation's wave of [incestuous abuse] revelation is being advanced: The problem is not abuse so much as an epidemic of false memories of it, fomented by therapists who suspect it when none has occurred.
The most formidable intellectual champions of this view are cognitive psychologist Elizabeth Loftus, the author, with journalist Katherine Ketcham, of The Myth of Repressed Memory, and Pulitzer Prize-winning social psychologist Richard Ofshe, the author, with journalist Ethan Watters, of Making Monsters. Both argue that an [incestuous abuse] recovery culture—purveyed in self-help and pop psychology books, on TV shows and by reckless therapists—has induced thousands, perhaps hundreds of thousands, of women to falsely accuse their parents.
Loftus, a cognitive psychologist and an eminent memory researcher at the University of Washington, is not a therapist but a hard scientist, an expert on the malleability of memory. She is skeptical of all therapeutic theories (such as the concept of "repression") that have never been scientifically proven and skeptical of "recovered memories" of abuse because, as she writes in her book, she was secretly molested by a male baby-sitter when she was 6 and has never forgotten.
Her concern for the falsely accused has been shaped by nearly 20 years as an expert witness in criminal trials. As she described in a previous book, Witness for the Defense (1991), she tells juries that memory is not a pristine videotape, but subject to distortion, reconstruction, over-dubbing and erasure from stress, retelling, suggestion and the passage of time.
As she recounts in the current book, Loftus began in 1991 to apply her research to the incest debate. She got five university students and colleagues—about 20% of those who tried—to get a younger relative (in two cases young children) to report a mildly traumatic "false memory." They did it by mixing accurate details with a false event—mentioning a familiar shopping mall, for example, and then "reminding" the subject of being lost there until rescued by a fictitious stranger. Based on such limited studies, Loftus speculates that traumatic "memories" of [incestuous abuse] have been implanted unwittingly by therapists in thousands of women.
This view is supported by about 16,000 parents who have contacted the False Memory Syndrome Foundation of Philadelphia since 1992 to say they have been wrongly accused. Their daughters (and some sons), they say, developed "false memories" after reading The Courage to Heal, joining an [incestuous abuse] recovery group or being hypnotized or encouraged to draw or write about their childhoods by their therapists.
Making Monsters also uses case studies to build a broad attack on all therapy centered on the past. Therapy, Ofshe and Watters argue [...], is less a science than a system of influence, suggestion and belief. In the office, clients construct "narratives" of their lives that usually highlight what the therapist thinks is important: childhood trauma, perhaps, rather than present time. Do women benefit, he asks, from a life lived through a rearview mirror? It's a provocative argument, though it seems overstated: What happens to us affects us, after all.
That said, their books are not the dispassionate work of scientists. In Ofshe and Watters' book, the [incestuous abuse] recovery movement—composed primarily of women who have never forgotten memories of garden-variety abuse—has "morphed" into the "recovered memory movement," a quasi-cult of hysterical women devoted to explaining away all present problems by dowsing for a traumatic past.
While decrying as "pseudoscientific" the credulity of [incestuous abuse recovery] therapists, both Ofshe and Loftus seem remarkably uninterested in the vagaries of memory of those who have sexually abused children. Psychotherapists who work regularly with such men and women report that they frequently have alcohol problems that affect memory, or deny what they've done and admit or remember it months or years later.
Loftus makes only a glancing reference to Marilyn Van Derbur, and Ofshe does not mention her at all; nor do they discuss many other cases that might contradict these books' central article of faith. Loftus, curiously, does not include any reference to a scientific study she co-published last year in the Psychology of Women Quarterly; in the study, which would appear to contradict the title of her own book, more than half of the 105 women questioned at a substance abuse center reported having been sexually abused as children, and almost a fifth of that group reported a period of total forgetting, after which their memories returned.
Ofshe, for his part, tells readers that by "conservative estimate" 15% of "recovered memory therapy" cases eventually involve allegations of ritual abuse. That statistic is as unscientific as the wildest overestimates of incest; it comes from a voluntary survey of 500 members of the False Memory Syndrome Foundation, the support group for accused parents.
Almost all of Ofshe and Watters' case studies are hidden behind pseudonyms from independent inquiry, forcing the reader to trust the writer's conclusions rather than see how they were reached. The looseness with which he treats the material is evident in Chapter 6 of Making Monsters. Here he tells the story of "Jane"—a Washington state woman called Lynn Crook who has identified herself in a letter she circulated to the media disputing Ofshe's account. In Ofshe's account, Crook was led down the garden path by self-help books and therapists until she fabricated horrible memories of sexual abuse by her father, a respectable physician. Two of her sisters, apparently caught up in the hysteria, supposedly then interpreted vague and ambiguous memories as signs that they, too, had been abused. Crook sued her father (both Ofshe and Loftus appeared as expert witnesses at the trial) and, reportedly to "empower" herself, sought out a local newspaper reporter. As the chapter ends, she appears headed into the delusionary territory of satanic ritual abuse: She recalls seeing a crowd standing around a bonfire in masks, robes.
Although this chapter is told as though Ofshe and Watters can read Crook's mind—her "heart races" at one point—they did not interview her or the sisters who testified on her behalf. The tale is an embellished reconstitution of the court records, and discrepancies in the details do not inspire confidence in Ofshe and Watters' contention that Crook's memories were caused by reckless therapy and the reading of self-help books. The authors have fiddled with the timeline, making it appear that Crook read and positively reviewed The Courage to Heal before, rather than after, she recovered memories of abuse. Crook, in fact, never told anyone that she had informed a local reporter of her suit against her father to "empower" herself; she responded to a phone call from a reporter who ran across the legal filing. One of Crook's sisters supposedly testified that her father had once told her to close her legs; the book, however, omits the last half of the father's reported sentence—"or I'll think you want me." And while Crook's therapist's notes did refer to a frightening memory of people standing around a bonfire in masks, the reference to robes was invented, making the memory sound more indicative of the delusions of satanic ritual abuse that Ofshe seems eager to find everywhere.
Ofshe omits from this account any reference to his own role in the lawsuit. In the court records, Judge Dennis D. Yule comments: "Just as (Ofshe) accuses (therapists) of resolving at the outset (to find) repressed memories of abuse and then constructing them, he has resolved at the outset to find a macabre scheme of memories progressing toward satanic cult ritual and then creates them."
Inaccurate reporting like this takes a book like Making Monsters beyond polemic to backlash.
Sadly, we live in a world that produces its share of Jeffrey Dahmers, Ted Bundys, John Wayne Gacys, Susan Smiths and Francis Van Derburs; the public face people turn toward the world may have little relation to the one expressed in private. Yet if these authors have ever met guilty parents, they haven't written about them. They seem to accept most protestations of parental innocence at face value, even those as half-hearted and ambiguous as "I don't remember doing this" or "I don't think so."
They write movingly of the anguish of parents whose daughters accuse them of horrible crimes, but seem remarkably insensitive to sexually abused children. Families in which [sexual abuse] charges surface are described as "shattered"; but families in which [sexual abuse] really happened were secretly shattered long before anyone brought the truth to light.
[...] the danger is that books like Making Monsters and The Myth of Repressed Memory will once again silence women and men from speaking—and being believed—about very real abuse, and will create a new breed of experts who will once again presume to know the truth.
submitted by chronic-venting to Prevention [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 14:35 Ricks2Cents Getting Started in the Garment Industry T Shirt Side Hustle DTF Discussion with Dennis Moon DTF 101 #Ricks2Cents #RickRamirez #dtf #directtofilm #tshirthustle #garmentprinting #sidehustle #tshirtprinting #alwaysgrindings #dtf101

Getting Started in the Garment Industry T Shirt Side Hustle DTF Discussion with Dennis Moon DTF 101 #Ricks2Cents #RickRamirez #dtf #directtofilm #tshirthustle #garmentprinting #sidehustle #tshirtprinting #alwaysgrindings #dtf101 submitted by Ricks2Cents to YouTubers_Share [link] [comments]

2023.05.29 19:46 pontiflexrex I'm about the build two 50-card frames to hold my favorites. Anything I should add or replace in your opinion? What card or player would need to go in your top 100?

I'm about the build two 50-card frames to hold my favorites. Anything I should add or replace in your opinion? What card or player would need to go in your top 100?
I've slowly built this top 100 card collection, trying to get together of a sample of my favorite players and card sets, from all eras.
This frame will only include 35pt or 55pt cards so I won't be able to include thicker cards (my top 50 of those will go in another glass display I'll build a bit later).
Before I build these, I wanted to share and get some feedback. What would you have done differently here? Any players you feel are missing? Any sets you couldn't imagine leaving out?
Thanks in advance for the discussion and have a great day everyone!
submitted by pontiflexrex to basketballcards [link] [comments]

2023.05.28 21:49 Joadzilla U.S. Goes After Private Donations Made To Jan. 6 Rioters

The Justice Department is increasingly trying to prevent rioters from being able to profit from participating in the 2021 attack.
Less than two months after he pleaded guilty to storming the U.S. Capitol, Texas resident Daniel Goodwyn appeared on Tucker Carlson’s then-Fox News show and promoted a website where supporters could donate money to Goodwyn and other rioters whom the site called “political prisoners.”
The Justice Department now wants Goodwyn to give up more than $25,000 he raised — a clawback that is part of a growing effort by the government to prevent rioters from being able to personally profit from participating in the attack that shook the foundations of American democracy.
An Associated Press review of court records shows that prosecutors in the more than 1,000 criminal cases from Jan. 6, 2021, are increasingly asking judges to impose fines on top of prison sentences to offset donations from supporters of the Capitol rioters.
Dozens of defendants have set up online fundraising appeals for help with legal fees, and prosecutors acknowledge there’s nothing wrong with asking for help for attorney expenses. But the Justice Department has, in some cases, questioned where the money is really going because many of those charged have had government-funded legal representation.
Most of the fundraising efforts appear on GiveSendGo, which bills itself as “The #1 Free Christian Fundraising Site” and has become a haven for Jan. 6 defendants barred from using mainstream crowdfunding sites, including GoFundMe, to raise money. The rioters often proclaim their innocence and portray themselves as victims of government oppression, even as they cut deals to plead guilty and cooperate with prosecutors.
Their fundraising success suggests that many people in the United States still view Jan. 6 rioters as patriots and cling to the baseless belief that Democrats stole the 2020 presidential election from Donald Trump. The former president himself has fueled that idea, pledging to pardon rioters if he is elected.
Markus Maly, a Virginia man scheduled to be sentenced next month for assaulting police at the Capitol, raised more than $16,000 from an online campaign that described him as a “January 6 P.O.W.” and asked for money for his family. Prosecutors have requested a $16,000-plus fine, noting that Maly had a public defender and did not owe any legal fees.
“He should not be able to use his own notoriety gained in the commission of his crimes to ‘capitalize’ on his participation in the Capitol breach in this way,” a prosecutor wrote in court papers.
So far this year, prosecutors have sought more than $390,000 in fines against at least 21 riot defendants, in amounts ranging from $450 to more than $71,000, according to the AP’s tally.
Judges have imposed at least $124,127 in fines against 33 riot defendants this year. In the previous two years, judges ordered more than 100 riot defendants to collectively pay more than $240,000 in fines.
Separately, judges have ordered hundreds of convicted rioters to pay more than $524,000 in restitution to the government to cover more than $2.8 million in damage to the Capitol and other Jan. 6-related expenses.
More rioters facing the most serious charges and longest prison terms are now being sentenced. They tend to also be the prolific fundraisers, which could help explain the recent surge in fines requests.
Earlier this month, the judge who sentenced Nathaniel DeGrave to more than three years in prison also ordered him to pay a $25,000 fine. Prosecutors noted that the Nevada resident “incredibly” raised over $120,000 in GiveSendGo fundraising campaigns that referred to him as “Beijing Biden’s political prisoner” in “America’s Gitmo” — a reference to the Guantanamo Bay detention center.
“He did this despite seeking to cooperate with the government and admitting he and his co-conspirators were guilty since at least November 2021,” a prosecutor wrote.
Lawyer William Shipley, who has represented DeGrave and more than two dozen other Jan. 6 defendants, said he advises clients to avoid raising money under the auspices of being a political prisoner if they intend to plead guilty.
“Until they admit they committed a crime, they’re perfectly entitled to shout from the rooftops that the only reason they’re being held is because of politics,” Shipley said. “It’s just First Amendment political speech.”
Shipley said he provided the judge with documentation showing that DeGrave raised approximately $25,000 more than what he paid his lawyers.
“I’ve never had to do it until these cases because I’ve never had clients that had third-party fundraising like this,” Shipley said. “There’s a segment of the population that is sympathetic toward the plight of these defendants.”
GiveSendGo co-founder Heather Wilson said her site’s decision to allow legal defense funds for Capitol riot defendants “is rooted in our society’s commitment to the presumption of innocence and the freedom for all individuals to hire private attorneys.”
The government’s push for more fines comes as it reaches a milestone in the largest federal investigation in American history: Just over 500 defendants have been sentenced for Jan. 6 crimes.
Judges aren’t rubber-stamping prosecutors’ fine requests.
Prosecutors sought a more than $70,000 fine for Peter Schwartz, a Kentucky man who attacked police officers outside the Capitol with pepper spray and a chair. U.S. District Judge Amit Mehta sentenced Schwartz this month to more than 14 years in prison — one of the longest so far in a Capitol riot case — but didn’t impose a fine.
Prosecutors suspect Schwartz tried to profit from his fundraising campaign, “Patriot Pete Political Prisoner in DC.” But his lawyer, Dennis Boyle, said there is no evidence of that.
The judge “basically said that if the money was being used for attorneys’ fees or other costs like that, there was no basis for a fine,” Boyle said.
A jury convicted romance novel cover model John Strand of storming the Capitol with Dr. Simone Gold, a California physician who is a leading figure in the anti-vaccine movement. Now prosecutors are seeking a $50,000 fine on top of a prison term for Strand when a judge sentences him on Thursday.
Strand has raised more than $17,300 for his legal defense without disclosing that he has a taxpayer-funded lawyer, according to prosecutors. They say Strand appears to have “substantial financial means,” living in a home that was purchased for more than $3 million last year.
“Strand has raised, and continues to raise, money on his website based upon his false statements and misrepresentations on the events of January 6,” prosecutors wrote.
Goodwyn, who appeared on Carlson’s show in March, is scheduled to be sentenced next month. Defense lawyer Carolyn Stewart described prosecutors as “demanding blood from a stone” in asking for the $25,000 fine.
“He received that amount in charity to help him in his debt for legal fees for former attorneys and this for unknown reasons is bothersome to the government,” Stewart wrote.
submitted by Joadzilla to gamefaqs261 [link] [comments]

2023.05.28 02:14 BlondDeutcher Blackberry

Boys were right on with this movie. I would have never saw it without their glowing review and it was fantastic. Who knew Dennis had it in him! And yes he was very sassy
submitted by BlondDeutcher to thefilmvault [link] [comments]

2023.05.27 19:21 Reasonable_Mirror_22 Is it already bad Rewards Bazaar Dr Dennis Gross Vitamin C serum?

Is it already bad Rewards Bazaar Dr Dennis Gross Vitamin C serum?
I got this in the Dr. Dennis Gross Rewards faves, just opened the vitamin c serum today and it's very dark. I went to the reviews to see if it is supposed to be like this, does anyone know If this is bad or has already oxidized?
submitted by Reasonable_Mirror_22 to Sephora [link] [comments]

2023.05.26 14:36 tominator_44 Pro Tips - Indiana Jones 3 / Rings of Power / Desert Strike / James Pond / The Lucky Dime Caper etc - from Sega Pro Issue 7 - May 1992

Pro Tips - Indiana Jones 3 / Rings of Power / Desert Strike / James Pond / The Lucky Dime Caper etc - from Sega Pro Issue 7 - May 1992 submitted by tominator_44 to retrogamingmagazines [link] [comments]

2023.05.25 23:16 Agitated-Cattle69 Drop

Drop submitted by Agitated-Cattle69 to Octoly [link] [comments]

2023.05.25 13:33 Shailendra_012 Learn c programming language by Scholarhat

C programming language has stood the test of time and remains one of the most widely used programming languages in the world. Whether you are a beginner looking to enter the world of programming or an experienced developer wanting to enhance your skills, To learn C programming language is a valuable investment. In this article, we will explore the benefits of learning C programming, the steps to learn it effectively, the importance of C programming certification, and some popular certifications to consider.

Introduction to C Programming Language

C programming language, developed by Dennis Ritchie in the early 1970s, is a general-purpose programming language known for its efficiency, simplicity, and low-level control over computer hardware. It serves as the foundation for many other programming languages and operating systems. C programming is widely used in industries such as software development, embedded systems, game development, and more.

Benefits of Learning C Programming

To learn C programming language offers numerous benefits for aspiring programmers and experienced professionals alike. Here are some key advantages:
  1. Versatility: C programming can be used to develop a wide range of applications, from system software and device drivers to high-level applications.
  2. Performance: C is known for its high-performance capabilities due to its low-level access to hardware resources and efficient memory management.
  3. Portability: Programs written in C can be easily ported to different platforms, making it a valuable skill for cross-platform development.
  4. Foundation for Other Languages: Understanding C programming provides a solid foundation for learning other languages like C++, Java, and Objective-C.
  5. Career Possibilities: A thorough understanding of C programming paves the way for a wide range of employment possibilities across numerous industries.

Steps to Learn C Programming Language

To effectively learn C programming, follow these steps:

1. Set up the Development Environment

Before diving into coding, set up a suitable development environment. Choose a C compiler, such as GCC or Clang, and a text editor or an integrated development environment (IDE) like Visual Studio Code or Code Blocks.

2. Understand the Basics of C Programming

Start by grasping the basic concepts of C programming, including variables, data types, operators, control structures, and functions. Online tutorials, textbooks, and video lectures can help you gain a solid understanding.

3. Practice with Simple Programs

Once you have a grasp of the basics, practice writing simple programs to reinforce your understanding. Begin with programs that involve arithmetic operations, conditional statements, loops, and basic input/output operations.

4. Learn Control Structures and Functions

Next, explore control structures like if-else statements, switch-case statements, and loops in more detail. Familiarize yourself with functions, including user-defined functions and standard library functions.

5. Explore Advanced Concepts

After mastering the fundamentals, delve into advanced topics like arrays, pointers, structures, file handling, and dynamic memory allocation. These concepts will enhance your problem-solving skills and enable you to develop complex applications.

Popular Online Courses for Learning C Programming

There are several reputable online courses that can guide you through the process of learning C programming. Here are a few popular ones:
  1. [Course 1]: This comprehensive course covers C programming from beginner to advanced level, with hands-on projects and quizzes to reinforce your knowledge.
  2. [Course 2]: Designed for beginners, this course provides a step-by-step approach to learning C programming through interactive coding exercises.
  3. [Course 3]: This course focuses on real-world applications of C programming, providing practical examples and projects to strengthen your skills.

Importance of Certification in C Programming

Obtaining a C programming certification demonstrates your expertise and dedication to the field. It adds credibility to your resume, making you stand out in a competitive job market. This certifications also serve as a validation of your skills, giving potential employers confidence in your abilities.

How to Choose the Right Certification in C Programming

To select the most suitable certification in C programming for your career goals, consider the following factors:

Preparation Tips for Certification Exams in C Programming

To increase your chances of success in C programming certification exams, follow these preparation tips:
  1. Review the Exam Objectives: Familiarize yourself with the exam syllabus and objectives to understand what topics will be covered.
  2. Practice Coding: Solve a variety of programming exercises and practice writing efficient and bug-free code.
  3. Take Mock Tests: Attempting mock tests simulates the exam environment and helps identify areas where you need further improvement.
  4. Explore Sample Projects: Work on sample projects to gain hands-on experience and apply your knowledge in practical scenarios.
  5. Seek Guidance: Join online forums, study groups, or seek guidance from experienced professionals to clarify doubts and enhance your understanding.


Learning the C programming language opens up a world of opportunities in the software development industry. Its versatility, performance, and portability make it a sought-after skill. By following the outlined steps, exploring popular online courses, and considering relevant c programming certifications, you can embark on a rewarding journey to master C programming. Get started today and unlock your potential!

c programming certification Learn c programming language
submitted by Shailendra_012 to u/Shailendra_012 [link] [comments]

2023.05.24 20:17 davethebear612 BioLargo (OTCQB:BLGO) - Environmental Solutions and Engineering Services

BioLargo (OTCQB:BLGO) - Environmental Solutions and Engineering Services


BLGO represents the majority of my portfolio. My first shares were purchased on March 1, 2021 and I have consistently bought shares throughout the last 27 months.
BioLargo is an environmental engineering company. There are 5 divisions of the company. 2 of them (BLEST and BioLargo Water) focus primarily on water treatment. ONM Environmental focuses on odoVOC control in both the industrial sector and as a wholesale distributor for a consumer pet odor control product. BETI is new in 2023 and is developing sodium-sulfur battery technology. Clyra is a medical subsidiary that develops products based on a copper-iodine chemistry that has safe but incredibly powerful oxidation capabilities for infection control in surgical settings.

Currently pushed up against the \"ceiling\" of the Oct 2022-Present compression. Still have to shake the 2019-Present compression (top red line). 2008-September 2022 \"Ceiling\" was broken out of. Green floor has been firm and rising since 2021.
2023 Q1 10-Q Filing 2023 Q1 Earnings Call Recording
Market Cap: $55M ($0.19/share)
Total Outstanding Shares: 284M Outstanding Options: 30M options outstanding ($0.12-$0.43 exercise price, $0.19 average price) Outstanding Warrants: 52M warrants ($0.13-$1.00 exercise price, $0.26 average price)
2022 Revenue: $5.88M (132% YoY growth) 2023 Q1 Revenue: $3.74M (78% QoQ growth vs. Q4 ’22) 2023 Q1 Losses: ($494k) Cash on Hand: $3.26M Debt: Roughly $500k
CEO: Dennis Calvert
Losses are decreasing. Growth is primarily from ONM Environmental.

ONM Environmental generating more cash-flow, bringing company close to profitability despite being the only division with positive cash flow.

Debt is basically gone.

SG&A has remained consistent as revenue has grown across recent years.

Net Stockholder’s Equity has steadily risen. $5M net stockholder equity is required for listing on the Nasdaq.

ONM Environmental – VOC/Odor Control

ONM Environmental Website - CupriDyne Website
ONM Environmental (“Odor No More) is the original division of the company. The flagship product is CupriDyne Clean which is a copper-iodine complex that oxidizes odor and VOC. It is sold in the industrial sector to landfills, waste transfer stations, US Air Force Bases, wastewater treatment plants, automotive manufacturers, marijuana growing facilities, animal processors etc. Overall, industrial sales of CupriDyne have been underwhelming from my POV, but the underlying technology has found homes elsewhere, making the asset and the division successful for BioLargo.
ONM Environmental has partnered with an advertising firm (Ikigai Holdings) and launched a consumer pet odor control product (POOPH) for household use. Pooph Website/Commercial. One of selling points for CupriDyne/POOPH is its safety. In the commercial, the product is sprayed directly into the host’s mouth to demonstrate its safety. The product uses the same baseline chemistry as CupriDyne Clean.
BioLargo serves as manufacturing and wholesaler for Ikigai who is in control of the marketing and selling of the product. BioLargo receives a 6% royalty on Ikigai’s sales of Pooph and receives revenue from acting as the supplier for Pooph. Overall, BioLargo receives about 25% of Pooph’s total sales.
POOPH is being sold direct-to-consumer, on Amazon, on (largest online pet supply), and is stocked in about 60% of Walmart locations. POOPH is consistently in the top-50 for pet products on Amazon.
From the LinkedIn page of Jordan Stanley, one of Ikigai’s co-founders:
“Over the following 10 years, I earned the reputation of an undisputed leader in Direct Response TV, producing such well-known campaigns as Billy Mays’ OxiClean, Procter& Gamble’s Tide, Febreze, and Downy brands. Throughout that time I have continued writing and producing winning commercials through Blue Moon Studios and Concepts for Doggie Steps (Telebrands), Finishing Touch (IdeaVillage), and Snuggies (Allstar). Out of 45,000 commercials in the Procter & Gamble database dating back over 60 years, the commercials I have written, directed and produced have achieved "highest-scoring, best-performing commercials" for Downy, Febreze, Dryel, Ivory Snow laundry products and have the distinction of being the "#1 best-performing 2-minute spot". I have the distinction of having 2 spots in the top 10 as measured by ASI/Ipsos. Using my method, about $3 Billion of revenue has been generated to date.”
Ikigai’s goal is to generate $100M+ in annual sales and then seek a brand sale of 3x-7x of annual sales ($300M-$700M). Ikigai has done this before with products like Finishing Touch/Flawless, which is a beauty-care product line that they sold for $900M. That brand sale was valued at 5x annual sales. Flawless/Finishing Touch Brand Sale
The estimated payout to BioLargo if/when the brand sells is $100M. As of Q1 2023, BioLargo is receiving roughly $1M/month from Pooph sales. That means Ikigai is at roughly $50M in annual sales rate after less than 18 months since first sales of the product. Ikigai has stated their expectations for 20% QoQ growth for POOPH. If that holds true, they will be at a $100M annual run-rate by Q1 2024.
ONM Environmental was the only profitable division in 2022, generating $1.13M in operating income from $4.37M total revenue. This was primarily revenue generated from POOPH, with 86% of total BioLargo 2023 Q1 revenue being POOPH revenue.

BioLargo Engineering, Science, and Technologies Inc. (BLEST)

BLEST is the most diverse and exciting part of the company to me. The core of the group is a half dozen engineers who were brought on in 2017 after CB&I laid off their entire unit during some turmoil for the company. They were working with BLGO at the time, and Dennis pitched to them that they form BLEST and continue working as the unit that they had been for 20-30 years in their previous role, but with more freedom and flexibility working for an emerging company rather than a giant company like CB&I. They agreed and are based out of Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
BLEST is led by Randall Moore. Randall has a 30+ year career in environmental engineering, leading over 1000 employees at times in his career. He has done 1000s of projects. Randall assisted the US Post Office during the Anthrax Crisis. He helped to design and implement the efforts to pump out New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina. He helped during the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. He worked on the aftermath of the Fukushima Disaster. He designed and built the largest dioxin remediation facility in the world. Randall has worked professionally on a diverse set of projects at the highest caliber. He and the rest of the BLEST team are essential to the ability to execute stated goals, continue product development, and complete project design work.
BLEST serves 3 roles. They are here to invent new technologies. They are here to support the engineering and design work for other divisions. They are here to complete engineering work for clients.
BLEST Technologies and Projects: Aqueous Electrostatic Concentrator (AEC) for PFAS remediation, Minimal Liquid Discharge (MLD) Systems via Garratt Callahan partnership, engineering and design work for what (if goes to full scale) will be the largest waste-to-energy facility in the world, engineering and design work for Ultra Safe Nuclear Company (USNC) for their fuel production system for micro-modular reactors.
The above technologies will be discussed later. AEC, Waste-to-Energy, and USNC projects have all been engaged by clients, with the initial phases completed and the second phases scoped . Each have a proposal in the client’s hands, awaiting approval. Many technologies or projects seem very close to strong adoption or progression to future stages, but none of them have really gotten fully there. If the technologies gain more consistent traction, BLEST’s headcount will have to grow, as will their revenues.
BLEST incurred a loss of $425k in 2022 on total revenue of $1.94M.

BioLargo Water

BioLargo Water does research and development of the Advanced Oxidation System (AOS) which is a water disinfection and micropollutant destruction technology. The division is headquartered in Edmonton, Alberta and gets quite a bit of their funding and support via the Canadian government.
AOS has been used in pilot projects for stormwater treatment, brewery wastewater treatment, poultry water treatment, pharmaceutical/micropollutant removal in Montreal’s municipal facility. They have submitted a proposal to the Alberta EPA to validate the technology for use in poultry water treatment in the province, however, not much has been said since that was made public in June 2022.

AOS provides disinfection of E coli and other microorganisms. AOS also destroys tough contaminants like pharmaceuticals and micropollutants like benzene.
AOS is hard to pin down. Technically, it’s unique and very capable It has been in development for almost a decade and is yet to find a reliably commercial home. For now, it’s just been pilots and peer-reviewed journal articles published in scientific journals. My science brain loves AOS. My finance brain hates it. The company isn't churning through resources to try to commercialize, so it's not killing the company, but the combination of duration of development, unique and high level technical function, and lack of commercial success is a confusing one.
AOS Product Brochure - Quebec Pilot - Sunworks Poultry Pilot
BioLargo Water did not generate revenue in 2022 and incurred $714k in losses in 2022, which was primarily R&D budget.

BioLargo Energy Technologies Inc. (BETI)

BETI is a new subsidiary in 2023. BioLargo owns 97% of BETI with a small group of investors holding the remaining 3% of shares. The capital was raised at a valuation of $20M for BETI.
Its purpose is to commercialize sodium-sulfur battery technology. One of the original inventors (Mario Caja) of the technology has been brought on to see that through as a member of the BETI team. He has been working on molten salt battery technology for 30 years. Presently, the company is putting the capital that they raised into building small manufacturing capabilities in their Oak Ridge, Tennessee facility.
May 9, 2023 Interview Transcript
Regarding lithium and sodium ion batteries, Dennis Calvert – CEO:
“Those are exotics, lithium, cobalt, nickel, those are rare earth elements that are really mined in offshore. So foreign supply's a big problem. That's one issue. The other is, of course, they're rare, so the price is going crazy, and then the other is efficiency. Lithium has efficiency issues. It only lasts 6, 7, 8 years. Everybody's working on that. They get 80-20% efficiencies, they can't charge to 100%, it builds up dendrites. So the world's looking for a better battery for certain locations.
So our battery checks the box on a number of those long lasting domestic supply, no rare earth, 100% efficiency. We've even got an energy density that's 2.9 times that of lithium, which means a lot of power in that battery.
It's a little heavier, and it's really not designed to be in a mobile situation. It's more of the fixed site that would go adjacent to solar, like a EV charging station or solar power generation operation or grid balancing. So long-term energy storage is really where we're focused. And that's a void in the market because as, you know, JP Morgan was quoted recently saying that, ‘the battery industry would surpass that of the chip industry in the next decade.’"
On the last quarterly call (May 18), Dennis stated that they expect to be able to sell any and all batteries that they bring to market that meet the claims they have made. He said that within 4-6 months, they expect to have built a small battery facility in Oak Ridge and prototypes. On May 24, 2023 (Sequire Presentation) Dennis stated that revenue can start to be substantial in 6-9 months.
In late 2022, BioLargo added Christina Bray to their board of directors. She is the CEO of an electric vehicle charging company (BlueDot Energies). Christina Bray PR
BETI is very new and the available proven details are relatively sparse compared to some of the other parts of BioLargo's portfolio. Seems like a lot of potential, but more must be shown.

Clyra Medical

Clyra Medical is a bit surprising on the surface. What is an environmental engineering company doing in the medical field? The original inventor at the company (Kenneth Code) sought to create a chemistry that would help be helpful in infection control, as that was something his father was struggling with at the time. The result was a copper-iodine complex, which is very similar to the baseline chemistry that ONM Environmental uses for CupriDyne Clean in the ONM Environmental division.
Clyra Medical was formed so that the subsidiary could raise its own capital, independently of BioLargo. It is an asset that is 58% owned by BioLargo. Recently, Clyra has been selling shares to fund production of their first product that has 510k clearance from the FDA, BioClynse. BioClynse Product Brochure
BioClynse produces a very strong oxidation reaction, much like how CupriDyne does for odoVOC control. BioClynse is for use during surgery for infection control and can be used after the fact if a knee or hip replacement gets infected following a procedure. The product is gentle enough to be left in the body when the patient is sewn up and provides lasting infection control, including disruption of biofilm. No rinse is required, which is unique.
Other products that came to market and were successful across the last decade are starting to come into question because of toxicity concerns to tissue. The company believes that not only has the wound irrigation market expanded dramatically and will continue to, but that it is no longer being met by incumbent products.
Regarding BioClynse Efficacy and FDA Point-Of-View:
"The questions they asked us were 'You must be lying, because this has never happened before.' When we finally got through, it took us another $1.8M and about 2 years from that first moment, the reviewer said 'This is the lowest concentration of antimicrobial at this level of performance that the agency has ever seen.' And therein lies the special thing that we've been talking about since we started this company (Clyra), and it's now finally positioned to be in a very significant commercial role."
BioClynse is expected to begin selling more substantially to orthopedic surgeons in Q2 and Q3. They have entered into a production agreement and are in negotiations with distribution partners (Clyra Production Agreement). Capital is being used to fund production. They have spent 2022 and the first parts of 2023 building out a sales rep network and “showing off” the product at industry events with significant positive response according to the company.
Clyra Medical’s goal is to build up the company and to be spun off with the sale of Clyra to a larger medical company. Recently, capital has been raised around a $32M valuation (Reported during Q2 2022 Earnings Call, so may have changed a bit since then). As a subsidiary with just the very beginnings of commercial activity, I don’t anticipate that any spin-off would happen anytime soon, but if 2023 is the year they go commercial with a high margin product like BioClynse, that clock should begin and become less of a theory than it has been.
Regarding Future Product Development and Coronavirus Allowance:
"We were given notice of allowance for use of Clyra against coronavirus. Coronavirus is a very broad category, not just Covid, it's Middle-Eastern, SARS, it's everything, probably 300 different variations of upper respritory infections and lung disease. That opens up the pathway for us to pursue drug applications for nebulizer therapy, inhalant therapy, nasal sprays, throat sprays, and have good IP coverage. This is good IP coverage. We were denied 4 times. We kept going back and fighting for this, and finally the patent office said: You know what, you got it. They gave us a very broad allowance, and we're going to continue to expand on that. That has major implications in a drug pathway for these Clyra products, which we've always believed the tough part wasgetting the patent done, but we have that."
Clyra Medical added 2 members to their board in 2022. Clyra Board Additions. Nick Valeriani spent 34 years at Johnson and Johnson, particularly with wound control (Neosporin). Nick serves on the board of $50B-valued Edwards Lifesciences ($EW). Linda Park is the Senior Vice President, Associate General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary for Edwards Lifesciences. She also joined as a member of the BioLargo board. It has been stated that Linda has been brought on partially for her expertise and guidance as BioLargo seeks to uplist in future to a national market like the Nasdaq.
Clyra Medical incurred a loss of $1.38M in 2022, bringing in just $56k what was essentially a few initial users of BioClynse in a professional setting.

BLEST Technologies and Projects

Garratt-Callahan – Minimal Liquid Discharge (MLD) Devices
In 2021, BioLargo announced that Garratt Callahan (largest private water company in North America) approached them to ask for help finalizing the design of their Minimal Liquid Discharge technology. GC MLD Announcement BioLargo helped them finish the design and will serve as the manufacturer of the product. The product has patent coverage through Garratt Callahan. GC MLD Patent
The MLD systems are water reuse devices that take the mineral content out of water streams for use in things like cooling towers. The devices allow for an industrial water user to stretch their water budget significantly further, bringing value to clients in both reducing their water costs, but also allowing them to continue their planned operations in an environment where water availability may fluctuate based on hydrologic/drought conditions. Potential clients would be data centers, energy generation, and industrial water users.
BioLargo will make money from the manufacturing and sale of the unit (approximately $500k per unit), while Garratt Callahan will make their money from the operation of the machines.
It was expected that these units would begin being sold in 2022, however that did not happen. A factory acceptance test was successfully completed in February of 2022 ("FAT" Acceptance) , however contracts have not been announced BioLargo maintains confidence in the future of these devices and states that they are involved with a dozen or more negotiations and design work for potential projects. If those projects are confirmed, GC MLD devices can be a strong revenue stream through an established water treatment company.
GC maintains that 30-50 units can be moved annually, but that is hard to predict when the first one will be sold and if 30-50 per year is a reasonable expectation given the delayed rollout. If they can accomplish that, however, it would bring in $15M-$25M annually.
Garratt Callahan has also agreed to sell AEC for PFAS remediation (discussed below). BioLargo has stated that a few of their potential PFAS remediation projects expected to move forward soon are ones that GC brought to the table.

Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation – Fuel Production Design Work
Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation (USNC) is designing micro-modular nuclear reactors. Part of that design is a new fuel system (FCM/TRISO-fuel). They have contracted BioLargo Engineering to help design their fuel production facility in Oak Ridge, Tennesse (also where BLEST is headquartered) which opened in August 2022. Fuel Production Facility - USNC/BLEST Collaboration - Pilot Fuel Manufacturing Facility Opens - FCM/TRISO Fuel Information
Phase 1 of the project was completed. Phase 2 has gotten a verbal “yes”, but a signed contract has not been announced officially yet.
April 24, 2023 Prospectus
"In the second quarter of 2022, BLEST was contracted by Ultra Safe Nuclear to assist in producing the first prototype fuel production systems for their new nuclear reactor called the Micro Modular Reactor (MMR®). Ultra Safe Nuclear is a Seattle-based nuclear energy company that has invented a “fission battery” - a fourth generation modular nuclear reactor – that can deliver safe, zero-carbon, cost-effective energy anywhere. The MMR® uses ceramic-encapsulated nuclear fuel – Fully Ceramic Micro-encapsulated (FCM+++) – an extremely rugged and stable fuel with high temperature stability. BioLargo has been retained to provide engineering design support, fabrication, and integration for the company’s prototype fuel production systems. Because of the success of the early phase of the project, this project is expected to expand over the coming months in scope and significance to BioLargo, making them an important customer for BLEST."

Waste to Energy – Design Work
BioLargo was contracted to begin design work on a waste to energy conversion project in South America. The facility being designed would be the largest waste-to-energy conversion plant in the world if it goes to its full scale. The project has 10 years of planning and preparation behind it. The project would be 6 phases, and the company has estimated that all 6 phases would be around $50M in design work.
Waste to Energy PR
The first phase was a feasibility study and was completed. BioLargo has given a proposal for Phase 2 and is awaiting the green light from the client. The timeline to begin Phase 2 has been slower than originally expected (as seen in June 2022 image below). On the last call, there was mention of political instability in South America giving some pause to decision-making at this time, but the BioLargo continues to maintain that they are in good standing with the client and the project is in good standing overall. The client has brought 4 more projects to BioLargo in Southeast Asia.

“This developer has actually brought us 4 more projects. This one has moved from Phase 1 to Phase 2. Phase 2 will push over $1 million. Phase 3 will probably be in the $7.5 million range.”

“In April 2022, our engineering subsidiary was hired by a Southern California based sustainable energy services company to conduct a comprehensive project plan (i.e., “feasibility study”) for a waste-to-energy (WTE) conversion plant in South America – one of multiple projects in planning stages by the company. Our engineers completed the initial feasibility study and have delivered a proposal for the next phase of the project (front end engineering design, aka FEED). The client has also requested feasibility studies and a FEED proposal for WTE plants in Asia.”
From June 2022 Annual Shareholder's Meeting - note: Stage 1 is complete. Stage 2 has not begun.

PFAS Remediation:

The Aqueous Electrostatic Concentrator (AEC) is likely the biggest opportunity in the BLEST portfolio. BioLargo has one active project that has been contracted for PFAS remediation. They are awaiting approval from the client to begin the next phase and scale towards a full installation. During a May 24, 2023 (day of making this post) presentation with Sequire, Dennis mentioned that Phase 1 is complete and they are expecting to move to Phase 2 in the near future. Phase 2 would be $500k-$1M and would take 6-9 months. Phase 3 to go to full scale would be a $15M-$20M in expected revenue. It would also provide a full-scale installation to lean on for proof of function and scaling for clients to have confidence in.
AEC is a PFAS collection technology. PFAS “Forever Chemicals” are compounds that are designed to not break down through natural processes. The EPA is in the process of setting drinking water standards for PFAS that would impact 65,000 drinking water systems across the country. Incumbent technologies (Granular Activated Carbon and Ion Exchange Resin) face performance and regulatory challenges moving forward as the EPA’s proposed regulations come closer to taking effect.
In March 2023, they proposed federal drinking water standards of 4ppt for PFOS and PFOA (the two main compounds), and a combined weighted limit for 4 other PFAS compounds based on their health advisories. The regulations are expected to firm up in the coming months after necessary comment periods and EPA process etc. Federal Proposal
PFAS waste is on a trajectory to be designated as HazMat under CERCLA (HazMat Classification). When used for municipal drinking water remediation, incumbent technologies produce several tons of PFAS-laden carbon or PFAS-laden resin. Recently, Cape Fear removed almost 200 tons of PFAS-laden carbon waste from their facility (Cape Fear Waste). Cape Fear is a very large system, but even a mid-size municipal system ends up having to consider the liability of that amount of HazMat waste on a recurring basis. That “changeout period” becomes more frequent when the drinking water standards get lower.

At 9.6ng/L, the data in the right column has too high PFAS concentration to pass proposed federal limits. 4ng/L and the detection limit are very similar levels of PFAS contamination (1-2ng/L is consistent detection limit usually). 2.7-7.1 Month range for GAC and IX technologies (standard incumbents). Lower regulatory standards will require more frequent changeout of media.
The media used for GAC projects can be regenerated. Ion exchange media cannot be regenerated. GAC waste can only be regenerated for future use in some parts of the United States. The legality of that process has come into question due to concerns about releasing PFAS emissions into the air (DoD Incineration/Regeneration Ban). Some users continue to regenerate the material while the EPA goes through the process to regulate PFAS.
If regeneration is not allowed, the material will end up requiring HazMat landfilling and not be able to be regenerated for future use. That will make remediation with GAC much more complicated and expensive. It will increase the total cost of changing out carbon material by requiring more new material to be used, but also increasing disposal costs of waste. Several tons of waste (200 tons in Cape Fear) now need to be sent to a HazMat landfill.

How Many Municipal Drinking Water PFAS Remediation Projects Will be Necessary?: West Virginia recently tested 37 water systems. 19 of them would be out of federal compliance if the proposed federal standards were implemented (WV PFAS Testing). 37 systems is not a huge sample size, but this is reasonable when compared to what I have found when looking at other state-level data across the country.
If 50% of systems require remediation, that is around 32k projects just for drinking water. For reference, if there are 32k projects for half of the US population that require remediation, the average number of residents served by a system is just over 5,000, though that number will have quite a large range with some water systems serving hundreds of thousand residents..
PFAS Remediation Project Examples: In Dover, New Hampshire, a 1.1M gallon per day facility was approved for $13.9M. This was for the treatment of half of the water supply for a population of 33,000 residents. (Dover Project Details)
The project for Wausau has a cost estimate of $23M (Wausau Cost Estimate). Wausau Water serves 16000 customers (40,000 residents) and treats just over 4M gallons of water per day (Wausau Customer and Daily Flow).
Cape Fear, NC has $43M up front costs with $5M annual costs to operate (Cape Fear Costs). The facility is 44M gallons per day (Cape Fear - Size).

Municipal Water PFAS Remediation Cost Estimate: Municipal drinking water projects are generally $5-$50M caliber projects. Small town projects can be $1M-$5M, and the largest projects will end up being over $100M.
Before the federal Orange County Water District (1% of the population of the United States) estimates a total of $1B will be required for the remediation of their water systems (OCWD Estimate). That is a figure from 2020 and is expected to have increased since then.
If you use Orange County’s estimate across the United States, it will cost over $100B for municipal drinking water.
The EPA estimates that PFAS remediation will cost between $769M and $1.2B annually (EPA Estimate). American Water Works Association (AWWA) estimates up to $2.9B annually (AWWA Estimate).

What About PFAS Remediation Outside of Municipal Drinking Water? I won’t attempt to do the same thing for other water treatment sectors. You'd probably stop reading if you don't already want to. It is important to note that drinking water is only part of what will require PFAS remediation projects.
Industrial water users (landfills, oil/gas, papepulp production, metal processing/finishing, wastewater treatment facilities) will require remediation equipment.
Groundwater remediation takes place when there is a contaminated aquifer due to a spill or through things like spreading biosolids from wastewater treatment plants on farmland. If the biosolids have PFAS in them (which many do), then the groundwater is contaminated because the PFAS has been applied across the soils.
Surface water remediation can be required if high levels of PFAS are found. It isn’t clear what the EPA is planning to do with surface water, but some states have attempted to set concentration limits.
Many of the specifics still need to be firmed up by the EPA, but in general it is safe to assume that the estimated $769M-$2.9B that is estimated for PFAS remediation of municipal drinking water annually will not begin to represent the total cost of PFAS remediation in the United States.
Any company that has leading PFAS remediation technology has the opportunity to tap into a gigantic emerging market that is going to be backed by federally enforceable drinking water standards.

Aqueous Electrostatic Concentrator (AEC):

AEC Product Video - BioLargo's PFAS Website - AEC Product Brochure
AEC functions by running water across (not through) a membrane while applying electric charge. PFAS compounds are fused to the membrane and removed from the water supply. AEC only removes the PFAS compounds, which is unique for collection technologies. Materials like granular activated carbon remove all contaminants, meaning that it is very inefficient for PFAS removal since PFAS is found in such low concentrations. This is important because remediation using GAC will produce much more waste than it will with AEC (up to 1000x depending on specific water chemistry). A user of AEC doesn’t have to worry about managing several dozen tons of waste every changeout period.
Tonya Chandler on AEC Footprint and Waste Production vs. Incumbent Technologies:
How do we measure up size-wise? Well, fairly similar to a GAC system. The difference is that when you see all of our frames, I don’t need to be skidded. I could line the walls with those frames. I can drop those frames – we’ve got one customer that wants to drop them into a pit that’s in their system that they don’t use anymore. I can stack them on top of each other to create space. As long as I have maintenance room around them, I’m pretty flexible on the layout. But you’ll see I produce much less spent (media). Now, also note that that GAC number that I’m giving you there is a single pass. I’m not considering a lead-lag in that number.
GAC vs AEC Waste and Footprint Comparison – note: AEC changeout period is expected to be longer than GAC changeout period. Disposal when spent does not represent the same period of time.
Orange County Water District - AEC can produce \"Non-Detect\" results all 27 tested PFAS compounds.
Tonya Chandler on AEC Origin, Design and Function:
“The AEC stands for the Aqueous Electrostatic Concentrator, and they decided that they wanted to use the polarity of the PFAS against it. The hypothesis was that if they created some chambers that had a series of electrodes and some specialized membranes, they might be able to pull the PFAS out and create a concentrated stream. The goal was to produce a stream that met the standards. They thought, ‘well if we did multiple stages, we could probably create DI-water. They wanted to stay low energy, and they wanted the cost to be affordable.
What they found was not what they expected. When we did the initial testing on this, they found that no concentrated stream existed, although we were removing the PFAS, we weren’t finding it in the anode stream. They were able to remove 99% of the PFAS in a single pass through the system. They got a side benefit of low-energy desalination in all of this, and they got their low cost at about 30 cents per 1000 gallons.
The biggest concern for us was why we didn’t create a concentrated stream. What we found was that we were literally ripping the PFAS out of the water, and when they came in contact with the membrane that we have in there, it fused to the membrane, and once it fused to the membrane, PFAS fuses to itself, so we were able to create a system that all of the PFAS stayed on the membrane but we were able to get very high concentrations of PFAS on the membrane before it was spent.”

From September 2022 Tonya Chandler Presentation to Wisconsin Engineers
From 2023 10-Q Report:
“We have successfully validated the AEC as an effective system to selectively extract and collect PFAS chemicals from contaminated water including performance testing that shows “non-detect” levels of removal, which meets new EPA standards. We have demonstrated more than nine months of continuous operation showing no materially significant degradation of the AEC system’s components or performance over time. As a modular system, we believe the AEC is scalable to a commercial scale, and we believe that our engineering team has the experience to deliver systems to meet the needs of a commercial installation."

Dennis on Small Commercial-Scale AEC units:
"These are new – we have three of these. We just got – just built and what will happen with these machines is they go out into the field where we go through early testing program. We identify a spot, where we can work with a client the customer, and we say, let's as an additional step just to make sure, let's bring one of these out, park it into their location for three or four weeks, run some samples, run some tests and show our customer, our prospective customer that says that, the device can be well suited for the custom circumstances that surround that customer's water source.”
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2023.05.23 14:22 k819799amvrhtcom Could J. K. Rowling be a trans man in denial?

Here is what I've got so far:
  1. Do you know why we know her as "J. K. Rowling" and not as "Joanne Rowling"? It's because Harry Potter was published during a time when women tended to use male pseudonyms to be able to publish their books, in the first place. Rowling decided to put her initials so that noone would be able to see that she is a woman without directly lying about it. (And then she decided to write the Cormoran Strike detective novels under the name Robert Galbraith.) This is just one of the many cases of misogyny that was prevalent during that time. I don't know what she's had to endure, but one of her tweets mentioned "male violence". The same can be said about when Rowling was criticized for making Dumbledore gay, Hermione black, some Hogwarts students Jewish, and Animagi skin walkers only after the book had already come out: It may seem as an afterthought; but this was actually the most politically correct thing she could have done at the time, as doing these things in the book itself would not have been an option at the time! I still remember when she first announced Dumbledore's sexuality: "I wonder why you said that Dumbledore is a gay because I can't see him in that way." - "Maybe because gay people just look like... people?" Aah, good times. Outside of those "afterthoughts", the book is also no stranger to depicting bigotry and oppressed groups. She also supports the Labour Party. Face it: Rowling used to be very progressive and politically correct for her time, EXCEPT when it comes to trans people, going all the way back to when she explicitly rejected a fan theory about Professor Snape being a trans woman. Not that that is itself transphobic, but it's a rarity for an author to just flat-out confirm or deny a fan theory, especially if that same author merely calls herself "a fan of the theory" that Dumbledore represents death. Bigots are often being accused of hating things they don't understand; but when it comes to J. K. Rowling, I have the impression that she has those opinions towards trans people because it affects her personally, or at least that's what she perceives. I already know that trans women don't have male privilege, but the opposite, that trans men DO have male privilege, is not necessarily true. Especially if you are a pre-everything trans man, your only privilege is that the vast majority of porn was made for you to enjoy. AFAB people face a lot of misogyny, no matter their gender, and for J. K. Rowling, this appears to be a core part of what she thinks it means to be a woman, which appears to be why she can't see trans women as women, or herself as a man. As she herself said: "my life has been shaped by being female". When she said "trans men need women's rights", she might have meant that we shouldn't forget all the misogyny that trans men went through before transitioning, and even after transitioning. (Have you ever heard a joke beginning with "If Men Had Periods"? Yeah, good luck telling that to all the trans men having periods.) Heck, she might even be afraid that her own struggles experiencing misogyny might be neglected if she were to transition now! Especially her cries against "erasing sex" make this whole ordeal seem like a huge miscommunication! Which might as well be her fault but does it really matter whose fault it is?
  2. Have you ever seen this review of Harry Potter: "Love that JKR so cares about women that she wrote a book with a male protagonist, a male antagonist, a male best friend, a male mentor, a male nemesis, about twelve other male mentors, and a female best friend who mainly does his homework for him." This is totally something that a man would do. Way beyond what I would consider to be male-washing for the purpose of increasing sales or whatever. This also reminds me that Gilderoy Lockhart is based on a real person who "never in a million years dream that he is Gilderoy Lockhart". I've heard Harry Potter be criticized for having way too obvious characters. Such as that you can tell a lot about whether you can trust a Harry Potter character if you know their name, how ugly they are (especially in the books), and whether they're wearing a Slytherin uniform or not. What if Harry Potter is just some male fantasy where everyone is on the outside who they are also on the inside (except for disguises of course)? That would also explain why she rejected the fan theory of Professor Snape being a trans woman: Because everyone in the Harry Potter universe necessarily has to be cisgender, as a side effect of that obviousness to work! And which Harry Potter character do you think Rowling identifies as? Well, Rowling herself admitted that her favorite Harry Potter character is Harry Potter! So why isn't Harry Potter a girl? Kinda strange for a cisgender woman, don't you think? Also, I've seen Harry and Ron spend more time in the girls' bathroom than in the boys' bathroom so it's almost as if her views about AMAB people in women's bathrooms used to be different...OK, that one might be a bit of a stretch..........
  3. In her infamous transphobic essay, she alludes to the possibility that she may have transitioned in the 80s had there been a "realistic possibility" to. Jammidodger says that people already transitioned in the 80s but it was a lot harder and it might have even been infeasible for her personally at the time. Simply phrasing it like that sounds like she actually tried at one point. Or at least she genuinely wanted to but might not have known where to start.
  4. Unlike typical transphobes, Rowling never said that trans people are against God (Rowling is a Christian if that wasn't clear.) or that she is disgusted by them (The same thing also applies to Ben Shapiro, which is why he is also suspected to be trans!). She says that she's "been empathetic to trans people for decades", that she "respect[s] every trans person's right to live any way that feels authentic and comfortable to them" and that trans people may dress, call themselves, and sleep with whomever they like. Also, the original books don't contain anything transphobic. Quite the opposite: The core message of the book is about over-coming structural prejudices and realizing your potential, no matter your background. Rowling herself said that Hogwarts would be a safe school for LGBT students, right before posting: "If Harry Potter taught us anything it's that no one deserves to live in a closet." The magical hat assigns you into a category that determines your whole childhood, but if you don't think it's right you can ignore it and pick your own, even if it takes a lot of bravery to do so. As Rowling herself once said: "It matters not what someone is born, but what they grow to be." The whole story contains so many trans vibes, it's no wonder that almost the entire Potterhead community has spoken out against Rowling's transphobia, instead of being swayed by it. Also, I've heard of at least two trans people who have defended J. K. Rowling. OK, one of them is her personal friend and the other one is Blaire White..........
  1. J. K. Rowling wrote a book called Troubled Blood containing a serial killer named Dennis Creed whose gender non-conformity she clearly links with murderous, sadistic behavior and mental illness. It's an unlikely depiction of transness from someone who secretly wants to be the other gender themself. It may not be intentional, as Grindelwald is also gay, but it would surprise me if it wasn't. The only way I can see to square this with my theory is if she was so deep in denial after having consumed so much anti-trans propaganda (She's been following nearly a dozen transphobic Twitter accounts!) that she is now afraid of "predators" pretending to be trans women and coming for her "women-only spaces" that would have otherwise protected her from "male violence" and that this book somehow reflects this. Which makes perfect sense, considering she's also openly expressed concern towards giving trans women access to the women's restrooms.
  2. She misgendered Blaire White! What's up with that?! Honestly, this is less of a counter-argument and more of a contradiction to what other things she said about trans people that I just can't quite wrap my head around!
All in all, I believe that J. K. Rowling being a man is at least more plausible than Ted Kaczynski being a woman.
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2023.05.23 09:48 ivychen300 Nonmagnetic Tools Insulators Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2023

LPI (LP Information)' newest research report, the “Nonmagnetic Tools Industry Forecast” looks at past sales and reviews total world Nonmagnetic Tools sales in 2022, providing a comprehensive analysis by region and market sector of projected Nonmagnetic Tools sales for 2023 through 2029. With Nonmagnetic Tools sales broken down by region, market sector and sub-sector, this report provides a detailed analysis in US$ millions of the world Nonmagnetic Tools industry.
This Insight Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global Nonmagnetic Tools landscape and highlights key trends related to product segmentation, company formation, revenue, and market share, latest development, and M&A activity. This report also analyzes the strategies of leading global companies with a focus on Nonmagnetic Tools portfolios and capabilities, market entry strategies, market positions, and geographic footprints, to better understand these firms' unique position in an accelerating global Nonmagnetic Tools market.
This Insight Report evaluates the key market trends, drivers, and affecting factors shaping the global outlook for Addressable Fireman Intercom System and breaks down the forecast by type, by application, geography, and market size to highlight emerging pockets of opportunity. With a transparent methodology based on hundreds of bottom-up qualitative and quantitative market inputs, this study forecast offers a highly nuanced view of the current state and future trajectory in the global Addressable Fireman Intercom System .
This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Addressable Fireman Intercom System market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries.
The main participants
AMPCO Safety Tools
CS Unitec
T&E Tools
Bahco (Snap-on)
De Neers
Denny Tools (SKS Group)
Pahwa MetalTech
Hebei Botou Safety Tools
Segmentation by type
Aluminum Bronze
Beryllium Copper
Segmentation by application
Electrical Machinery
Electronic Industry
Computer Manufacturing
Communication Equipment Manufacturing
Key Questions Addressed in this Report
What is the 10-year outlook for the global Addressable Fireman Intercom System market?
What factors are driving Addressable Fireman Intercom System market growth, globally and by region?
Which technologies are poised for the fastest growth by market and region?
How do Addressable Fireman Intercom System market opportunities vary by end market size?
How does Addressable Fireman Intercom System break out type, application?
What are the influences of COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine war?
LP INFORMATION (LPI) is a professional market report publisher based in America, providing high quality market research reports with competitive prices to help decision makers make informed decisions and take strategic actions to achieve excellent outcomes.We have an extensive library of reports on hundreds of technologies.Search for a specific term, or click on an industry to browse our reports by subject. Narrow down your results using our filters or sort by what’s important to you, such as publication date, price, or name.
E-mail: [email protected]
Add: 17890 Castleton St. Suite 369 City of Industry, CA 91748 US
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2023.05.23 09:20 ivychen300 Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools Insulators Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2023

LPI (LP Information)' newest research report, the “Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools Industry Forecast” looks at past sales and reviews total world Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools sales in 2022, providing a comprehensive analysis by region and market sector of projected Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools sales for 2023 through 2029. With Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools sales broken down by region, market sector and sub-sector, this report provides a detailed analysis in US$ millions of the world Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools industry.
This Insight Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools landscape and highlights key trends related to product segmentation, company formation, revenue, and market share, latest development, and M&A activity. This report also analyzes the strategies of leading global companies with a focus on Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools portfolios and capabilities, market entry strategies, market positions, and geographic footprints, to better understand these firms' unique position in an accelerating global Non Sparking Safety Hand Tools market.
This Insight Report evaluates the key market trends, drivers, and affecting factors shaping the global outlook for Addressable Fireman Intercom System and breaks down the forecast by type, by application, geography, and market size to highlight emerging pockets of opportunity. With a transparent methodology based on hundreds of bottom-up qualitative and quantitative market inputs, this study forecast offers a highly nuanced view of the current state and future trajectory in the global Addressable Fireman Intercom System .
This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Addressable Fireman Intercom System market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries.
The main participants
AMPCO Safety Tools
CS Unitec
T&E Tools
Bahco (Snap-on)
De Neers
Denny Tools (SKS Group)
Pahwa MetalTech
Hebei Botou Safety Tools
Segmentation by application
Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals
Medical and Pharmaceuticals Industry
Paint, Varnish Manufacturing
Tankers and Shipyards
Mining Industry
Key Questions Addressed in this Report
What is the 10-year outlook for the global Addressable Fireman Intercom System market?
What factors are driving Addressable Fireman Intercom System market growth, globally and by region?
Which technologies are poised for the fastest growth by market and region?
How do Addressable Fireman Intercom System market opportunities vary by end market size?
How does Addressable Fireman Intercom System break out type, application?
What are the influences of COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine war?
LP INFORMATION (LPI) is a professional market report publisher based in America, providing high quality market research reports with competitive prices to help decision makers make informed decisions and take strategic actions to achieve excellent outcomes.We have an extensive library of reports on hundreds of technologies.Search for a specific term, or click on an industry to browse our reports by subject. Narrow down your results using our filters or sort by what’s important to you, such as publication date, price, or name.
E-mail: [email protected]
Add: 17890 Castleton St. Suite 369 City of Industry, CA 91748 US
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2023.05.21 04:18 femme_fatale2022 Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare came up recently in the comments of a post and I’d love to hear some reviews on it. TIA

Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare came up recently in the comments of a post and I’d love to hear some reviews on it. TIA submitted by femme_fatale2022 to Sephora [link] [comments]

2023.05.20 16:05 StevenDJackson Ouijust Playin'

They say Ouija boards are dangerous. Or that they can steal the souls of unwary idiots playing with things they don’t understand. They say a lot of things, in a lot of ways, in different faiths and creeds all around the world. I’m not here to judge anyone who believes in higher powers, gods, angels or those darker elements that would have to exist if we allowed for the lighter ones. I’m not even going to warn you about dabbling in the unknown like some tired Dennis Wheatley knock-off. I'm just going to tell you of the day I decided I would never again allow myself to even be in the same room as a Ouija board. You can decide for yourself from that point on; I take no responsibility for what you do with this information.
For the record, I am not religious. Or spiritual. I don’t see omens in the stars at night, or believe that carpenters of any description can rise from the dead no matter how great at wine-tasting they might be. I don’t worry about eating fish on a Friday and I have been shamelessly wearing clothes of more than two fabrics for many years, without even the slightest fear of the fiery doom the Bible would have me believe awaits me after death.
The reason for my spiritual bankruptcy is probably my Irish Catholic grandparents. When I was a kid, there were more crucifixes and doe-eyed Virgin Mary statuettes in their house than there were ashtrays, and those guys could really smoke. Trust me, if familiarity can breed contempt, it’s a wonder I never joined some militant atheistic pressure-group.
Inevitably though some things stay with you into adulthood no matter how you try to make space in your head for more useful things. Try to learn a new system at work and you’ll find your brain has trouble finding room for it, stubbornly insisting even after your third performance review that the words to Jack and Jill may yet prove vitally important and must not be deleted under any circumstances.
I have reason to be very pleased about this. My brain obstinately held on to prayers, the names of angels, Bible stories and admonishments against evil even though at no point in my life was I ever sitting in an exam – going out of my mind with panic – and being grateful that I still knew how many people ate a mythical fish on some mountain. As it turned out, that information was more useful than I’d ever have expected.
It was in my first year of University that the peculiar events I mentioned earlier took place. I present it here for you in the hope that perhaps you might remember it, if ever you find yourself in a similar situation.
I hadn’t wanted to go to the party that night. I wasn’t feeling so great because the previous night had been both late and heavy; patches of my memory were still fuzzy and my head was only just recovering. My roommate however was insistent and, as usual in cases where she actually had the motivation to do anything at all, a boy was involved.
‘You have to come,’ she pointed out, her tone flatly certain like I’d overlooked some by-law of the University. ‘Simon’s going to be there.’
‘I don’t care,’ I pointed out just as flatly, from where I lay on my bed with my arm over my eyes. ‘I’m dying.’
She threw a cushion at me and I violently flinched away, moaning as my alcohol-soaked brain sloshed around inside my skull. Showing the same capacity for sympathy as does a tiger to a wounded deer, she continued to throw things at me until I grudgingly agreed to go with her to Danny’s. By the time we arrived, I was feeling quite a lot better and on the threshold of that magical transition between ‘never drinking again’ and ‘I fancy a beer’.
Danny’s was a small and unpleasant room in a small unpleasant house, but then so was everyone’s back then. No one lived well or mould-free, owing to the fact that despite being the beneficiaries of staggeringly large loans taken out to cover our fees and accommodation, which most of us would spend the next ten years repaying, we nonetheless never seemed to have any money.
At first I assumed that was the reason for the candles. Burning in stands all around Danny’s bedroom, little flickers of flame lit up the chilly dark. Some of them were alarmingly close to the curtains, hanging thick with moisture and mottled with mould, and others stood at an angle in cups sitting on the exposed wooden floorboards.
When this 'Simon' walked in, I was unimpressed. His jeans were too tight, his hair too unkempt, his wrists encircled by far too many festival bangles. He looked like the kind of guy who’d spent so long figuring out how he wanted to look he’d forgotten to develop a personality. My roommate practically swooned and the evening became largely run-of-the-mill and uninteresting to anyone over 21 from that point.
Until the Ouija board appeared. I don’t know who first pulled it out, or from where. I didn’t see who set it up or started the excited chatter about it. All I know is that all of a sudden, the candles took on a more sinister aspect. The laughter became more muted, the smiles more nervous. And in the middle of it all was Simon, sitting at the head of the table with the little wooden board set out in front of him, pushing the ornate circle of wood with the hole in the middle into the centre. I remember that intense shock I felt as I caught a glimpse of Simon between two people in front of me. Just a fleeting sight, probably distorted in my memory by everything that happened afterwards, but one that has stayed with me ever since.
In that brief moment, Simon’s skin seemed to gleam in the candlelight, the flickering flame casting thick shadows under his eyes so they appeared to be pools of inky black staring out at us. I could have sworn his face was too long, though I put it down to the wavering light. For a second it seemed his lower jaw protruded too far, and combined with the black eyes, Simon’s face was transformed into that of something…not right.
The moment passed and Simon was himself again, an insufferable poser and fashion victim no doubt but unquestionably human. I blinked and shook my head, and I remember distinctly putting down my glass and giving it a suspicious glare. To this day I cannot taste rum without feeling a flutter of that dread I felt back then; it has been forever tainted for me.
I hung back as people took their places, laughing it off if anyone asked me if I was scared. I had no reason to be scared of Ouija boards; I believed in no spirit or demon that could possibly do me harm. What held me back was that peculiar vision of Simon’s altered face and the creepy chill it had given me. I felt tense and on edge, my nerves tight and raw. The last thing I wanted to do was sit down with everyone facing me and able to see my nervousness. They’d mistake it for fear of the stupid Ouija game, and as I mentioned before I was both a teenager and at a party. I wasn’t about to risk looking fearful just because too much rum on top of a hungover brain had made my eyesight go funny.
Seven people, including my tragically love-sick roommate, had taken places at the table and had their fingertips held lightly to the circle of wood. A few were giggling, others seemed to be taking it more seriously but most wore those light, wry smiles we adopt when trying very hard to appear entirely unimpressed by a situation. Those smiles did not long survive the next few minutes.
The circle of wood began to move, as it inevitably would have with seven excitable people touching it and wanting it to move. What surprised me was the word it spelled out.
‘Knock?’ said my roommate, looking around at the others with a wavering smile that suggested she didn’t know what to make of it but was totally not freaked out by it at all. Not at all.
The others shrugged and carried on. The same word was spelled out again.
‘Who’s there?’ said one of the other guys leaning against the wall watching, as I was. Some of the others laughed. Knock, knock, who’s there?
The wooden marker moved again. I once again noted Simon’s face. Still human, but with such an expression of eager anticipation that it frightened me far more than my hallucination of him with the distorted face. It suddenly occurred to me that there really was no sense in pushing on a door if you didn’t know where it led.
The marker began to move again, slowly this time, as though savouring its moment. As though giving us time to stop it, perhaps. It seemed to me that the candles wavered in those seconds, like an un-felt wind had passed over us or a presence swept by unseen. The room was silent, no giggles and no comments passed the lips of the enthralled students gathered there, their transfixed faces lit by the dancing flames burning around them in the eerie darkness of the room. A panic seemed to grip me at that moment, looking from face to face, seeing that wooden marker make its slow and graceful way from letter to letter, spelling out a word - a name - that I suddenly did not want to see completed and won't repeat here.
It was at that moment that one of those prayers floated across my thoughts, long since relegated to the realms of distant memory by the dogmatic rationalism of my maturing mind. The prayer my grandmother had said every night before bed and every day on waking. The Lord’s Prayer. Without thinking, I recited it to myself in my head, no sound escaping me. I only heard the words in my mind, but I drew an unexpected comfort from them.
No sooner had I completed the prayer, the marker stopped in its tracks. It rested inches from what was perhaps the last letter in an ancient and long unspoken name. The answer to the question ‘who’s there?’ remained unanswered. Simon, his eyes once again in deep shadow, turned unerringly to stare directly at me, his face utterly expressionless but his eyes glittering in the candlelight. I felt a deep chill as I met that gaze, a deep and primal stirring of fear. He stared for a few moments, those black eyes regarding me soullessly, and I realised that he knew I had interrupted him somehow.
Finally, Simon pushed the marker away and rose from the table, declaring that he needed a drink and was done playing with stupid toys. The others stood up too. Someone turned the lights on and the music up. The whole thing was forgotten. But not by me.
We never saw Simon again.
I’m not a religious person, as I said. I don't know why that prayer did what it did. Maybe it was just my will against his. I don't know. I make no judgement or statement about the spirit world and I am not qualified to speak of the existence of gods and demons. But know that nothing good or benign or harmless was trying to talk to us that night. The look Simon gave me, so blank, so utterly dark and inhuman, like that of a shark regarding a man standing behind glass, has stayed with me all my life.
So take this as you will, and next time a Ouija board comes out at a party, remember my story.

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2023.05.20 13:38 AutoNewspaperAdmin [Local] - Harmar supervisors spar over proposed Denny Estates road acquisition; wait 'till next year Pgh Tribune-Review

[Local] - Harmar supervisors spar over proposed Denny Estates road acquisition; wait 'till next year Pgh Tribune-Review submitted by AutoNewspaperAdmin to AutoNewspaper [link] [comments]

2023.05.20 13:03 FelicitySmoak_ On This Day In Michael Jackson HIStory - May 20th

On This Day In Michael Jackson HIStory - May 20th
1972 - "Rockin' Robin" enters the UK Top 50 Singles chart where it will peak at #3 during a fourteen week run.
1973 - The Jackson 5 had a two-show gig at Vets Memorial in Columbus, Ohio. Ticket prices were $6, $5, and $4.
The next day, The Dispatch published a review with glowing terms, including "undeniably funky." The story, Soul-Swinging Jackson Five Score in Two Shows, said the performances "turned out mostly J-5 patriots" who had waited nearly two years for the Motown rockers to return to Columbus. (Previous shows were at Vets Memorial on 1/30/71 & at the Ohio State Fair on 8/28/71)
The evening performance featured 18 songs, including Stevie Wonder's "Superstitious" & The Temptations' "Poppa Was a Rollin' Stone."
"Individually, Michael and Jermaine lead the vocal work," reported Jack Willey of The Dispatch staff, "with Michael's striking flexibility acting almost like a lead instrument for the band. Whether fronting his brothers ... or soloing ... his style is clear, precise and very much his own."
The opening band was a new soul group called the Commodores
1975 - On their Destiny Tour, The Jacksons play the Orpheum Theatre in Memphis, Tennessee
1997 - Michael Jackson's Blood On The Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix was released in the US
1997 - Michael Jackson's video HIStory On Film Volume 2 was released
2003 - Michael Jackson arrives in Indianapolis with his cousins Rijo, Simone, Elijah & Levon. He came to give a deposition in court following a lawsuit brought by Steeltown Records boss Gordon Keith. The lawsuit accuses the Jackson Five and others of infringing the trade name of Ripples and Waves, another Gary band from the 1960s, and two of their songs.
The time and place of the deposition are being kept secret, but some fans thought they knew where it would take place.Jackson's attorney has also asked to keep the transcript of the deposition sealed, bar media from the deposition room, and prohibit recording devices other than those utilized by the court reporter and videographer.
WISH-TV reported that a few dozen fans gathered outside the Canturbury Hotel, where Jackson had rented out the entire 12th floor, in downtown Indianapolis in hopes of catching a glimpse of him
Fans got their first closeup glance of him as he toured Circle Centre Mall
People who waited to meet Michael say he was nice and courteous. He signed several autographs and even at one point ended up in the middle of the crowd while trying to get out of the mall.
He's expected to spend most of tomorrow afternoon giving his deposition
But fans just wanted to know if his Indiana roots are still in tact.
"Michael, what's it like to be back in Indiana? What's it like to be back in Indiana?'
"It's the best! Best baby, yea."
2005 - Trial Day 57
Michael goes to court with Katherine & Randy.

Amidst speculation that the trial could wrap up as early as next week, Michael's former defense attorney resumed his testimony. Mark Geragos told jurors last week that he had ordered the surveillance of the Arvizo family because he “was concerned they were meeting with a lawyer to make some accusation or sell their story to tabloids.”
The lawyer also said he did not remember being told that the Arvizo family had returned to Jackson’'s Neverland Ranch in mid-February and said he was uneasy about that possibility because he "was concerned about a false story or a concocted one."
Geragos testified that he gave a “broad directive” to investigator Brad Miller to follow the family, instructing him to “find out who they're meeting with and what they're doing.” However, he said he did not specify the particular surveillance methods to be used.
Prosecutors have previously shown surveillance videos of the family to support their allegations that Jackson & his associates were attempting to hold the Arvizo family captive.
Prosecutor Ron Zonen tried to link Miller to the alleged kidnapping conspiracy. He asked Geragos if he was aware that an employee of Millers is alleged to have thrown rocks at the house of the accuser's grandmother.
Geragos responded, "“I don't send people out to throw stones at people's houses"
Prosecutors also questioned Geragos about the Arvizo family’s interview with the DCFS in February, 2003. In previous testimony the mother, Janet Arvizo, claimed that Miller & a man she knew as “Asef” had attended the interview. She said “Asef”, whom she believed was a part of Jackson’s security team, had asked her to secretly record the interview. She further claimed that “Asef” had threatened the safety of her parents should she not comply.
Geragos testified that he was aware the interview was taking place but said he did not direct Miller to attend or to secretly tape the interview. Importantly for the defense, he also said that Asef Vilchic in fact worked for Miller and not for Jackson.
Once again, exchanges between Zonen and Geragos were often heated. At one point, Judge Rodney Melville criticized the prosecution for approaching the witness stand too often without permission.
Geragos had refused to answer certain questions during his testimony last Friday due to a limited waiver of his attorney-client privilege. Judge Melville had been under the impression the waiver was complete, but in fact it only covered Geragos for events leading up to Jackson’s arrest.
Judge Melville said “I feel deceived by Mr. Mesereau and I am considering ... sanctions of some sort against Mr. Mesereau”. Mesereau had apologized for the confusion, explaining that he had not thought the period after the arrest would be relevant. Court observers expected the sanctions to include a fine.
The Judge said that he could have stricken Geragos’ testimony from the record but did not feel this was viable as the jury had already heard his testimony. However, he said he would entertain the prosecution's motion to strike the testimony from the record once completed.
Judge Melville also stated that a condition of his allowing Geragos to resume testimony was that whenever prosecutors asked him about events after November 2003, he was to tell the jury, "I refuse to answer that question based on attorney client privilege."
Zonen stated in court Friday that the defense may rest their case as early as next week.
"We're approaching the end of trial," he told Judge Melville. ”The defense has indicated they may be resting as early as next Tuesday."
Defense attorneys did not contradict the statement but did not comment on it.
Court Transcript
2006 - Michael meets with Prince Abdullah (Bahrain) for the last time and informs his host that he is travelling to London and Tokyo. Shortly after producer Bill Bottrell and drummer Brian Macleod arrives in Bahrain to work on new songs for Michael’s project
2009 - Michael goes to Dr Klein’s in Beverly Hills
2009 - Kenny Ortega and Randy Phillips announce in a press conference that the 4 opening O2 shows have been rescheduled from July 8 to July 13 due to production delays
2009 - In a letter signed by Michael, Leonard Rowe is prevented from working or speaking on his behalf. Frank Dileo is now Michael's one & only manager.
The letter was only publicized after Michael’s death. Leonard Rowe also claims (Like Tohme Tohme) that he never received such letter. The letter did have a Michael Jackson signature. By whom & when was this letter was actually signed is unknown. 
2013 - Jackson v AEG Trial Day 14
Katherine, Rebbie and Trent Jackson are at court.
LATimes reported that Jacksons offered a settlement.
Kevin Boyle , a lawyer for Katherine Jackson and Michael's kids , said they offered to settle the lawsuit against AEG, but that they never got an answer. Kevin Boyle said the family made the offers in January & March. Boyle would not provide details but said AEG's insurance would have paid, which means they could have settled the case without them paying a dime of their money. He said AEG has never offered to settle & they haven't apologized.
Marvin Putnam, an attorney for AEG, said it was inappropriate to discuss settlement discussions, "We don't settle matters that are utterly baseless. We believe that is the case in this matter. I can't see why we would consider a settlement as anything other than a shakedown"
CNN Reports there was a snack controversy during trial: AEG lawyers gave a bag of peppermint candy to the bailiff to hand out to the jury this week. Even Katherine Jackson enjoyed the treat but Jackson's lawyer raised an objection, suggesting jurors might be influenced if they realized the source of the sweets. A compromise was reached. Each side can provide snacks for jurors, but they'll be placed at the bailiff's desk before jurors enter court so they have no clue who brought it.
Shawn Trell Testimony
Jackson direct
AEG Live General Counsel, Shawn Trell, told jurors that he had forgotten that Kenny Ortega was working under a signed contract.
Trell said he met with his attorneys last night and reviewed one doc -- Kenny Ortega's contract. "He had a written contract," Trell said. "I remember the email dynamic. I'm not too proud to admit that I didn't recall the cover contract," Trell said he was changing his previous testimony to add that Ortega had a written contract, not only emails between him and AEG
Next topic was Insurance: Cancellation/Non-Appearance/Sickness. Trell said he started working on insurance for the tour in November of 2008. Panish showed several chains of emails where the parties talked about the insurance for the tour
Email from Bob Taylor insurance broker to Trell on 1/7/09:
Prior to speaking with carriers we ask the artist to attend medical with a doctor...A full medical with both blood/urine tests. The doctor also wants to review the medical records over the last 5 years to ensure full disclosure. Insurers require further medical examination to be carried out by their nominated doctor. They may restrict illness coverage or death from illness coverage until this examination has taken place
Email from 4/30/09 - Wooley to Trell :
"We have no coverage against Michael sickness unless and until he submits to another medical in London
Email from 5/28/09 - Trell to Taylor:
"We really need to get that medical done"
Email from 6/23/09 - Trell to Taylor :
"Any update on the availability of Term insurance?" (life insurance)
Trell said if they secured life insurance, they would get money if Michael died. "We would get the money owed to us, yes," Trell testified. Trell also said he continued discussions with an insurance broker about additional coverage to recoup AEG Live's investment if the tour had to be canceled.
Email from 6/24/09 -Taylor to Trell :
Insurers have refused to move on this. Huge amount of speculation in the media regarding artist's health. They feel if they're to consider providing illness to cover this particular artist, they must have very through medical report
Email from 6/25/09 - Gongaware to Taylor :
"If we don't get sickness coverage, we are dropping this policy"
Email from 6/25/09 - Taylor to Gongaware :
The consultation in London is critical. The doctor is holding the afternoon of the 6th July open at Harley St. But keep in mind the visit could take 2 hours plus
Next topic: Budget/Costs. Panish showed an email from AEG's Rick Webking to Michael's estate with 1st report of artist advances/expenses. This was a letter sent to the estate containing the expenses incurred, Trell said. "It seems to me we submitted this report for their review, I don't see any request for payment," Trell said.
Trell said he spoke with Randy Phillips and Paul Gongaware about Michael's physical condition prior to coming to testify. "I had heard about rehearsals in which Mr. Jackson was fantastic," Trell said
Trell said he's aware of email from Ortega saying doctor was not allowing Michael to attend rehearsal on June 14, 2009. "I was aware of the doctor not allowing him to attend rehearsal," Trell said
Email from 6/17/09 from Phillips:
"...Ortega, Gongaware, Dileo, and his doctor Conrad from Vegas and I have an intervention with him to get him to focus and come to rehearsal"
Email from 6/17/09 from Gongaware to Phillip's assistant:
"We need a physical therapist and a nutritionist"
Email from Production Manager - Gongaware/Phillips on 6/19/09 :
"Paul/Randy I'm not bring a drama queen here. Kenny asked me to notify you both Michael was sent home without stepping foot on stage. He was a basket case and Kenny was concerned he would embarrass himself on stage, or worse yet, be hurt. The company is rehearsing right now, but the DOUBT is pervasive"
Email from Randy Phillips to Tim Leiweke on 6/19/09 :
"We have a huge problem here."
"I think he recognized there was a problem on the 19th," Trell said. "I would take it seriously, as I believe Mr. Phillips did." Trell agreed with a statement by plaintiff's attorney, Brian Panish, that company executives knew by then there was a "deep issue" with Jackson
Does Trell consider that exchange a "red flag" that AEG Live should have noticed, Panish asked. "I would take it seriously, as I believe Mr. Phillips did," Trell answered. "I don't know I would use the word 'red flag'
One of the emails shown to the jury was from Jackson estate co-executor John Branca, sent 5 days before Jackson's death & marked 'confidential':
"I have the right therapist/spiritual advisosubstance abuse counselor who could help (recently helped Mike Tyson get sober and paroled) Do we know whether there is a substance issue involved (perhaps better discussed on the phone)
The email was sent the same day that a meeting was held at Jackson's home with Murray. No further info given to jury.
Trell said Mr. Phillips never told him about this email
Email from Ortega to Randy Phillips on 6/20/09: (chain of emails)
"I honestly don't think he is ready for this based on his continued physical weakening and deepening emotional state"
Trell said he didn't see these emails. He said he spoke with Randy Phillips about Phillips' perception of Michael, in order to prepare for testifying, but not about specific emails. Trell has been designated as the most qualified person to speak on behalf of AEG
Email from Phillips to Gongaware on 6/20/09 at 1:52 am :
"Tim and I are going to see him tomorrow, however, I'm not sure what the problem is Chemical or Physiological?"
From Gongaware to Phillips, on 6/20/09 at 5:59 am :
"Take the doctor with you. Why wasn't he there last night?"
From Phillips to Gongaware, on 6/20/09 at 2:01 pm :
"He is not a psychiatrist so I'm not sure how effective he can be at this point obviously, getting him there is not the issue. It is much deeper"
Trell said Randy Phillips went to a handful of rehearsals, three at the Forum and two at Staples Center. The head of the marketing department attended rehearsal on June 23, 2009. "She was blown away by it," Trell testified.
He said he was unaware of issues with Jackson at rehearsals."I knew of no problems with Michael Jackson at all",Trell testified.
Trell said he never saw the emails from Phillips directing people to exclude images from This Is It of Michael looking "skeletal" while rehearsing. "What were his observations of Michael's physical condition during rehearsal," Trell said. "I asked for his (Phillips) personal opinion."
Next line of questioning is about human resources and background checks. Trell said they can be valuable and useful tools when hiring. Background check costs around $40 to $125. Trell said AEG Live could afford this fee. "We don't do background checks on independent contractors," Trell said. Trell said he was involved in the hiring by AEG Live for the This Is It tour. His department was responsible for retaining independent contractors. Trell said he is not familiar with background check process for hiring. "I am not familiar with the process of doing background checks," Trell said. "No training."

Panish: "There was no hiring criteria for the This Is It tour, correct?"
Trell: "Not to my knowledge"
Trell testified that when it comes to independent contractors, they have either worked with the artists, AEG or known in the industry. Trell agreed that no background check was done on anyone working on the This Is It tour. AEG Live General Counsel Shawn Trell told jurors that no legal or financial checks were done involving Conrad Murray or anyone else who worked as an independent contractor on the This Is It shows.
Depending on the nature of the position, a background could be done, Trell said, like for potential employees in the financial area. Trell said he thought a background check would be appropriate for people working in financial roles, but not tour personnel who weren't employees of AEG
As to independent contractors, Trell said there's no supervision and monitoring like there's for employees
Panish: "You don't do anything to check into background, supervise or protect the artist?"
Trell: "No, safety is a concern"
Trell said that AEG did not hire Murray, that the doctor was like many independent contractors, "When they leave the environment, what they do on their own time is their own business.
Trell testified he doesn't believe the artist is more at risk because AEG Live doesn't do background checks
"We did nothing to monitor Dr. Murray," Trell said. "We did not monitor whatever it was that he was doing, no."
"It called for Michael Jackson being able to terminate Dr. Murray at will," Trell said about the contract. "If the concerts didn't go forward, and he was terminated under this provision, Dr. Murray would not be paid going forward," Trell explained
As to Dr Murray being under dire financial straits, Trell said that he doesn't know if he agrees with it, everyone's perception is different
Trell: "I certainly wasn't aware of it at the time"
Panish: "Because you didn't check, right?"
Trell: "That's right"
"I don't think conflict of interests are a good thing, and we would want to prevent it," Trell said
Email from Kathy Jorie to Shawn Trell on 6/24/09 at 12:54 am:
Subject: Revised agreement with GCA Holdings/Dr. Murray
It had two attachments Attachments: Revised Michael Jackson -AEG GCA Holdings Murray Agreement 6-18-09 Final MJ -- AEG GCA Holdings Agreement (Dr. Murray) 6-23-09
Email chain from 6/23/09, 5:39pm from Jorrie to Wooley, Murray
Subject: RE: Michael Jackson - Revised Agreement with GCA Holdings/Dr. Murray Email:
I have redlined the Word version so that you can see all of the revisions. In addition, I've attached clean PDF version for execution" (The email says that if Dr. Murray approved it, he was to print it, sign and send it back to Jorrie)

Panish: "Did Ms. Jorrie call this contract a draft?"
Trell: "She called it a Final Version"
"Every document is a draft until it is executed," Trell said.
Panish showed emails exchanged among AEG executives that contained drafts of Murray's contract. Although Murray had signed a contract with the company, neither Jackson nor anyone from AEG had added their signatures. Trell testified that a copy of the contract had never been sent to Jackson
With Trell on the stand, Panish played part of an interview that AEG Live President Randy Phillips gave to Sky News television soon after Michael's death. "This guy was willing to leave his practice for a very large sum of money, so we hired him," Phillips said. Panish also showed jurors an e-mail between AEG lawyers suggesting that Phillips told other interviewers AEG Live "hired" Murray.
Panish: "Isn't it true that Randy Phillips made numerous comments that AEG Live hired Dr. Murray?" Trell: "I know he has made that statement"
Panish said AEG higher-ups became concerned after Phillips made such admission. Trell said he didn't know if that was true. Bruce Black is the General Counsel for parent company of AEG and AEG Live. Michael Roth is AEG's media relations
Email from Kathy Jorrie to Bruce Black and Michael Roth on 8/25/09: Subject: AEG Live president says AEG Live hired Dr. Conrad Murray
Panish shows Trell a deposition, under oath, given by insurance broker Bob Taylor on another case. Trell said he has never seen or read it. Trell denied having a telephone conversation with Mr. Taylor where Trell asked him if a doctor's compensation was covered in the insurance.
Panish: "Does that refresh your recollection that AEG was employing Dr. Murray?"
Trell: "Mr. Taylor has this completely wrong"
After lunch break, Brian Panish asked if Shawn Trell wanted to change anything else in his testimony, to which he said "No"
Bruce Black, attorney for Anschutz, was present in the meeting with LAPD. Trell met with the police on 1/12/10. Trell told the police that day that Dr. Murray would receive $150,000 compensation per month. Trell also said that Dr. Murray requested and AEG would provide necessary medical equipment and a nurse. More than five months after Jackson's death, Trell said, he informed LAPD detectives that Murray initially requested $5 million to join the tour but eventually agreed to a salary of $150,000 a month for 10 months.
Panish: "As far as you know, all the agreements written for TII tour was done under AEG Live Productions, right?"
Trell: "Yes"
Panish: "Was Dr. Murray trying to help AEG get insurance?"
Trell: "The policy was in both names, so he was helping both parties"
Trell said Dennis Hawk, who represented Michael, was in touch with Taylor regarding the insurance

Panish: "As of June 2009, you don't even know whether Mr. Jackson had a personal manager working for him, right?"
Trell: "Well, my understanding at the time there were a couple of people acting in that capacity"
Email on 6/2/09 from Randy Phillips to Jeff Wald:
"Jeff, remember getting Michael to focus is not the easiest thing in the world and we still have no lawyer, business manager, or, even real manager in place. It is a nightmare!"
Trell said the only time he saw an artist's signature required to retain an independent contractor was for Dr. Murray. Trell said his understanding was that Dr. Murray worked for Michael for 3 years; didn't know how many times MJ saw Dr. Murray. "I've never spoken with Dr. Murray ever. And I met/spoke with Mr. Jackson once," Trell said.
"He was a significant expense," Trell testified about Dr. Murray. Trell said AEG Live didn't do anything to check Dr. Murray's competency as doctor, other than checking his physician license. Trell said AEG didn't do anything to determine Dr. Murray's financial conditions in 2009.
Jury was shown an email that Phillips sent to Kenny Ortega on night of June 20, 2009. It was email urging Ortega to stand down.
Email on 6/20/09 Phillips to Ortega :
Kenny it's critical that neither you, me, anyone around this show become amateur psychiatrist/physicians. I had a lengthy conversation with Dr. Murray, who I am gaining immense respect for as I get to deal with him more. He said that Michael is not only physically equipped to perform & discouraging him to will hasten his decline instead of stopping it. Dr. Murray also reiterated that he is mentally able to and was speaking to me from the house where he had spent the morning with Michael. This doctor is extremely successful (we check everyone out) and does not need this gig so he is totally unbiased and ethical
Panish asked Trell whether Phillips "characterization to Ortega, given no background check was done, was a lie". Trell responded that he didn't know what Phillips knew or was thinking when he wrote that email to Ortega. Trell also said he expected Randy Phillips to testify at some point during the trial, so he could address the email himself

Panish then asked Trell, "Sir, you never checked out one single thing about Dr. Murray -- you've already told me that, correct?"
"As of the date of the email, that would've been correct",Trell said.
When pressed by Panish, Trell said that Phillips' statement that Murray had been checked out, along with the executive's claim that the doctor 'does not need this gig' were inaccurate. "I don't know where Randy's understanding or impression comes from", Trell said. Trell testified that Phillips might have been "misinformed" or simply was stating his impression of the Las Vegas cardiologist
Panish: "But no one at AEG checked Dr. Murray to see if he was successful or not, isn't that true?"
Trell: "Yes"
Panish then asked several pointed questions about whether Shawn Trell agreed with Phillips telling Ortega they'd checked Murray out. One of Panish's questions was whether Trell thought Phillips' email was 'acceptable conduct'
Panish called Phillips' statement "a flat out lie" and asked Trell whether he agreed with it or if it signified how AEG did business. Trell said he didn't know what Phillips thought he knew when he wrote the message. "I know this statement is not accurate, but you'd have to speak with Mr. Phillips about what he thought or meant in saying it," Trell said.
Panish: "That's a flat out lie, isn't it sir?"
Trell: "I don't know what Mr. Phillips intended to say, this should be a question to him"

Panish: "You don't know if he was successful or facing bankruptcy, did you?"
Trell: "No"

Trell: "I know the statement is not accurate. You have to speak with Mr. Phillips about what he meant to say"
Panish: "Do you agree with the CEO of your company making untrue statements?"
Trell: "I don't know that he didn't know it wasn't true when he said it"
Trell said Phillips never told him that he checked Dr. Murray out. As to reference in Phillips' email about Dr. Murray being unbiased, ethical, not needing this gig, Trell said it was Phillips' impressions. He said AEG typically only runs background checks on candidates applying for full-time jobs with AEG, not independent contractors.

Panish: "Isn't it true AEG Live does not do background check on independent contractors?"
Trell: "That's true"
Trell said that no one from AEG interviewed Dr. Murray because he was an independent contractor.

"Did anyone from AEG ever at any time interview Dr. Murray", asked Brian Panish
"No", Trell replied.
Panish showed a document used by AEG entitled "Disclosure and Authorization to Conduct Background Check". Doc is used for employment, promotion, retention, contingent or the rate staffing, consulting, sub-contract work, or volunteer work. Panish asked if there was any reason why Dr. Murray was not given a background check. "He wasn't an employee, he wasn't applying for a full time position with the company," Trell explained. Trell said theoretically they could've asked to check Dr. Murray's background and credit.
AEG Cross
Jessica Bina began her examination by showing the letter submitted by AEG's CFO to the Estate of Michael Jackson for their review. She asked Shawn Trell about the estimate presented to Jackson's estate that included Murray's $300k fees. She asked why it was prepared. Shawn Trell said it was done at the request of the estate. He said Jackson's estate wanted to know state of tour finances when Jackson died. Trell said the report was requested by the Estate after a series of meetings after Michael's death. "The purpose of the meeting was to wind up the business affairs of the tour due to Michael's death", Trell said. "It was my understating in June Tohme was back in the picture in some capacity. I'm not sure which, Mr. DiLeo was in it too," Trell said

Bina: "Is there any request for payment?"
Trell: "No, there's no demand for payment, it's for review"
Stebbins Bina asked about the inclusion of Murray's fee in the document. Bina showed the report that was attached to the letter. Murray's fee on the document had a footnote. Trell read what that footnote said, and explained why estate wasn't asked for Murray's fee. Next to "Management Medical" there's a reference to footnote 3. Note 3: 'Contract is not signed by Michael Jackson and such signature was condition precedent to any payment obligation' - Footnote on Murray fee. Trell testified Webking, the CFO for AEG, did not ask Michael's Estate for payment of Dr. Murray's salary
"You testified you were somewhat confused (by the inclusion of the $300,000)?", Bina asked Trell as she projected the list, dated July 17, 2009, on a screen for jurors.
"Do you see there's something in parentheses?', Stebbins Bina asked, zooming in to blow up a footnote from AEG CFO Frederick Webking that stated Michael Jackson never signed Murray's contract, so its terms were not enforceable.
"Is Mr. Webking asking the estate to pay?", Stebbins Bina asked Trell. "No", he replied, explaining that upon reflection he believed Mr. Webking was just being 'thorough' by including the $300,000 as a budgeted cost.

"Did Mr. Webking make a mistake as you thought yesterday?",she asked.
"No, he did not", Trell answered
Second report made to the Estate on 9/18/09, there was no amount next to management medical. Stebbins Bina then showed a Sept. 2009 report of This Is It's finances to Michael Jackson's estate. Murray's fee is not listed in that document
Trell went through his job description with AEG. He said he has five lawyers in his department and has worked on thousands of agreements. Trell explained what PMK is -- Person Most Knowledgeable, identified by the company to testify on its behalf. Trell said he didn't know about all the topics he was designated, so he had to do some studying and interviews with people
As to Ortega's contract, Trell said he was aware of a string of emails being at least a part of the original agreement with Kenny. "When we were done here yesterday, I looked at Kenny Ortega's original agreement," Trell said. Trell noted he hadn't looked at Ortega's agreement since it was entered into in 2009. Before the afternoon break, Trell and jury were shown Kenny Ortega's tour agreement. It was signed in April 2009. The agreement was three pages of legalese, with several pages of emails attached that confirmed the terms. The first three pages included some paragraphs that described who owned the rights to This Is It content. A large number of emails are part of the agreement as exhibits. Trell said he recalled the emails exchange and admitted again not being proud of forgetting the cover contract portion. Bina showed Ortega's executed contract with everyone's signature on it. Trell said Kenny Ortega was paid after his contract was signed.
Trell, Phillips and Kathy Jorrie were involved in drafting and negotiating the contract with Michael Jackson. For MJ, Trell said Dr. Tohme Tohme and attorneys Dennis Hawk and Peter Lopez represented him. He said there were multiple drafts. "It's my understanding they were talking to, or at least receiving offers from, a competitive of ours, Live Nation," Trell said. Trell also said that before signing an agreement with AEG, Jackson had been considering a tour offer from its main competitor, Live Nation.
Bina showed the jury the final tour agreement. Trell said he went to MJ's home at Carolwood to sign it. Upon arrival, Trell said Mr. Jackson got up from where he was seated, and said 'Hi, welcome, I'm Michael." Trell said it was pretty funny, since he was a very distinct person. Trell said they shook hands, he had a good firm handshake and his voice was not what people think
"He popped up, came over, introduced himself, was very cordial, there was a real positive energy, good vibe in the room," Trell said. "He seemed genuinely enthused," Trell added. "He had the contract in front of him, said he read every page, seemed very enthused." Trell said they all signed it and Mr. Jackson was really keen on the 3-D stuff, that he was already down the road in his mind. "I was probably there just a little less than an hour. And that was the only time I met him," Trell recalled.
Bina discussed the contract for the tour agreement:
A first class performance by Artist at each show on each of the approved itineraries. Contract: Artist shall perform no less than 80 minutes at each show, and the maximum show length for each show shall be 3.5 hours. Artist shall approve a sufficient number of shows on itineraries proposed by promoter or producer as to recoup the advances made. Trell said compensation was agreed on 90-10 split. Artist received 90% of what's defined contingent compensation.
Trell explained to jury how concerts get paid for. One scenario is artist pays for production up front. A second scenario is that the promoter gives artist an advance, and then they use the money to put together the show. The third option, Trell said, is the artist pays someone like AEG Live to produce and promote the show, with costs to come out of their pay. Trell called the second and third option like an interest-free loan. In Jackson's case, AEG agreed to a 90/10 split of show's proceeds. Jackson would have received the 90 percent portion, Trell said. Jackson was also on the hook for a 5% production fee
AEG Live was promoter & producer. "We advanced the money necessary to mount the tour," Trell explained. "It's interest free money". Trell testified that Jackson's advance, which covered his $100,000-a-month rent on his mansion and a $3-million payment to settle a lawsuit that would free up his performance rights, was considered a loan to be paid back to AEG.
Part of the advance was to pay off the settlement agreement of $3 million in London court. The underlying dispute was that a company owned the rights for Jackson's live performance. "The rights needed to be freed up," Trell said. The advances were to be paid back to AEG Live before the split of revenue. Production Advances were capped to $7.5 million. Contract:
Artist was responsible for all the production costs in excess of the cap and had to reimburse promoter.
"Michael Jackson was known to have very elaborate productions," Trell said. "Production values can get significant, for lack of a better word, it really depends on how many bells and whistles they want," Trell said. Trell said AEG would not advance money without the artist requesting it.
Trell said it's not only typical and customary, but standard and artist needs to secure either non-appearance or cancellation insurance. Their interest in the policy, Trell said, was to cover the advances and production costs incurred with the production of the show. "If the were no obligations to AEG, the payout would go back to the artist", Trell explained, "It just recoups our loan made to the artist."
Trell was also asked about elements of tour insurance policies and an agreement with former manager Tohme Tohme. Jackson's contract called for him to represent to AEG that he didn't have any health conditions that would keep him from performing.
Artistco hereby represents and warrants that artist does not possess any known health conditions, injuries or ailments that would reasonable be expected to interfere with Artist's first class performance at each of the shows during the term
Oh Tohme's $100k per month agreement, Trell was shown a January contract that Jackson signed to pay that amount. However, Trell said Tohme's agreement was predicated on Jackson getting tour cancellation insurance by a certain date. Deadline passed and by that point Tohme was no longer Jackson's manager, so he wasn't entitled to be paid his monthly fee.
January 24, 2009 -- agreement entered with Dr. Tohme Tohme. Trell said Michael was involved and signed this agreement. "This agreement was entered into January 26, Trell testified. "There are conditions that needed to be met before any payment could be made." One of the the conditions was placement of non-appearance insurance, Trell said. That placement was done in late April, early May. In May, AEG received letter from MJ saying Tohme didn't rep him anymore. "No payments were ever made under this agreement," Trell explained.
Julie Hollander Transcript
Shawn Trell Transcript
submitted by FelicitySmoak_ to MichaelJackson [link] [comments]

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  93. Art of Charting
  94. ART Trading – Bennett McDowell – A Trader’s Money Management System
  95. Arthur Hill - RSI Trend-Following and Momentum Strategies
  96. ASFX - Beginners Training Course
  97. Asia Forex Mentor Proprietary One Core Program - Ezekiel Chew
  98. Asian Summit - 30+ World's Best Trader (7 Day's Summit)
  99. Assad Dossani - Option Master Course
  100. AstroFX 2.0
  101. AstroFX Course
  102. AstroFX.2.0.Courses
  103. Atlas Forex - Forex Course
  104. Atlas.Forex.Forex.Course.02.19
  105. Auction Market Foundations Course-Tom Alexander-1-7 - 2013
  106. Authentic FX - Price Action Engine
  107. Authentic Leekay FX Secrets Mentorship Program
  108. AuthenticFX - Price Action Engine 2.0
  109. Autotrading Academy - Algo Trading Strategies 2017
  110. Avdo - ForexGrid Mentoring Program
  111. Averill Strasser - Starting Your Own Trading Business
  112. AW-2017 Course Wyckoff
  113. Axia
  114. Axia Futures - The Footprint Course
  115. Axia Futures - Trading with Price Ladder and Order Flow Strategies
  116. Axia Futures - Volume Profiling with Strategy Development
  117. B K Forex - Crowd Fighter
  118. B.O.S.S. Pack - Tricktrades
  119. Backtest Wizard - Flagship Trading Course
  120. Balance Trader - Market Profile
  121. Bank Trader FX
  122. Barrie Hetirachi's Advanced Five Point Pattern
  123. Barry Burns – Trading Patterns for Producing Huge Profits
  124. Barry Burns- Top Dog- Advanced Course- Advanced Price Patterns
  125. Barry Rudd - Stock Patterns Day Trading Home Study Course
  126. Barry Rudd - Stock Patterns for Day Trading Home Study Course
  127. Barry Thornton’s Long Candle
  128. Basic Market Profile and How I Use It
  129. BCFX - Course
  130. BCFX - Forex Course
  131. BD_FX
  132. Becoming Master of the Stock Market
  133. Beginners Forex Class by Raghee Horner
  134. Belfort Jordan – The Wolf of Wall Street
  135. Ben Oberg - Millionaire Mafia Crypto Mastery
  136. Benklifa Iron Condor
  137. Bernie Schaeffer - The 10 most powerful option trading secrets
  138. Best of Wyckoff - 2017
  139. Better System Trader - Breakout Strategies Masterclass - Swing Strategies
  140. Better System Trader - Smashing False Breakouts
  141. Better System Trader - System Trading Unleashed
  142. Better Trading Spotlight On - Steve Nison
  143. BidHitter - Tape Reading For Intraday
  144. Bierovic - Synergetic Technical Analysis
  145. Big Forex Fortune
  146. Bill Greg Poulos - Forex Nitty Gritty Course forexnittygritty
  147. Bill Kaiser - Successful Online SP Trading
  148. Bill Poulos – Power Trading Tactics Course
  149. Bill Wermin-Stock Market - Swing Trading Strategies for Wall Street
  150. Bill William - Chaos The New Map For Traders
  151. Bill Williams - Chaos - The New Map for Traders
  152. Bill Williams - Profitunity Course
  153. Bill Williams - Should You Trade
  154. Bill Williams - The Practical Fractal
  155. Bill Williams - The Profitunity Home Study Course - [DVDRip - 14 mpg, 8 mp3, 5 pdf]
  156. Billion Forex Group - Forex Course
  157. billionaires-academy-self-paced-forex-trading-course
  158. Binary Options The Bandit Strategy
  159. Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Bootcamp
  160. Bitcoin Crash Course
  161. Bitcoin Trading Course
  162. BK Forex - Master Forex Fundamental + Day trading
  163. BK Forex - NFP Webinar 02.05.2016
  164. BK FOREX (FlyAway) Course
  165. BKForex - Master Forex Fundamentals + Day Trading Masterclass
  166. Black Rabbit - Smart Money Scalps
  167. Black Rabbit - The Market Maker's Matrix Book
  168. Blade Forex Strategies
  169. Blockchain at Berkeley - Advanced Cryptocurrency Trading
  170. Blue Capital Academy - The Box Strategy
  171. Blue Edge Crypto Academy
  172. Bo Yoder - The Top Five Reasons Traders Lose Money
  173. Bob Evan
  174. Bob Iaccino - Forex Classroom Coaching
  175. Bob Iaccino's Advanced Forex Classroom (
  176. Bob Miller s Gambling Principles
  177. Bob Proctor - Living the Legacy
  178. Bob Volman - Forex Price Action Scalping_2
  179. Bob Volman - Understanding Price Action
  180. Boba Trader Ebook
  181. Bollinger Band Matrix Tactics by Mark Deaton
  182. Bonsai Elite Wavetrader Trading Course
  183. Boris Medvedo - Bullish Trading Academy
  184. Boss Financial - Yield Farming MasterClass Course
  185. BostickFX - Forex Trading Course
  186. Brad Matheny & Gary Wagner -Advanced Trading Applications of Candlestick Charting - Volume
  187. Brandon Leu - Richard Wyckoff Trading Method.mp4
  188. Brendan Moynihan & Jim Paul - The Three Biggest Mistakes Traders Make
  189. Brian Grete & Scott Davis - Combining Fundamental Technical Data To Boost Profits
  190. Brian James Sklenka
  191. Brian James Sklenka – Bodhi, Lighthouse, Truckin (Videos 45 Mb)
  192. Brian James Sklenka – Cycle Hunter Genoa (Videos 57 MB)
  193. Brian James Sklenka – WITS Turbo Seminars (Audio 5 CDS, 260 MB)
  194. Brian Shannon - Introductory Course Module Class
  195. Brian Shannon - Technical Analysis Videos Part I
  196. Bridger Pennington - Investment Fund Secrets
  197. Bruce Banks - Trading Mindset, and Three Steps To Profitable Trading
  198. Bruce Kamich - Momentum Indicators
  199. Bryce Gilmore - Trading to Win Course 2004 wavetrader
  200. BS Apps FX - Technical Analysis Course
  201. BTMM
  202. Buff Dormeier - Volume Analysis series
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  204. BULLFx Forex Trading - Course
  205. BullsWave - Professional Trading With Elliot Wave
  206. Buran Derivative Oscillator
  207. Calendar Spread
  208. Cameron Fous - The Krypton Crypto System 2021
  209. Cameron Fous – Epic Sequal! FOUS4x2! New Day Trading Strategies
  210. Candlestick Analysis For Professional Traders
  211. Candlestick Trading Ninja 10 Hour Candlestick Certification
  212. Candlestick_Forum.rar
  213. Carolyn Boroden – Introduction to Fibonacci Time and Price Analysis
  214. Carolyn Fibonacci
  215. CarterFX Membership
  217. Catching Market Cycle Waves (3 parts) -2-14-19.rar
  218. Century Capital Group Course
  219. Certification in Gann Square Trading (Technical Analysis)
  220. CFA 2022 Level 1
  221. CFA® Level 1 (20212022) - Complete Fixed Income
  222. CFA® Level 1 (20212022) - Complete Quantitative Methods
  223. CFA® Level 1 (2122) - Complete Financial Reporting Analysis
  224. Chanel Stevens - Mogul Training Academy 2018 (Private Coaching Course )
  225. ChaosTrader - Ichimoku Advanced Course
  226. Charles Cottle - Foundations of Options – Beginners Options Trading
  227. Charles Cottle - Options Trading Training - The Blend DC
  228. Charles Cottle - RD1 The Hidden Reality
  229. Charles Faulkner - Mastering High-Risk Decision Making
  230. Charles Le Beau - A New Look At Exit Strategies
  231. Charles Lebeau - Piranha SP System TS (
  232. Chart Pattern Trading - Advanced Stock Options Daytrading
  233. Chart Reading Whiteboard Trading Course
  234. ChartChampions
  235. ChartGuys Essential Candlesticks Trading
  236. Chiente Hsu - Rule Based Investing
  237. Chippy Reality - Mentorship
  238. Choch_FX Trading Plan
  239. Chris Capre - 2nd Skies Advanced Ichimoku Course
  240. Chris Capre - Advanced Price Action Course
  241. Chris Capre - Advanced Price Action Course (2020)
  242. Chris Capre - Advanced Price Action Course [20 mp4 + 1 pdf + 2 xlsx]-[Forex Trading]-by[TT]
  243. Chris Capre - Advanced Traders Mindset Course
  244. Chris Lori - Pro Trader Advance Forex Course
  245. Chris Lori - understanding-global-fundamentals
  246. Chris Manning - 3 Day Master Advanced Workshop Seminar
  247. Chris Manning - Master Trading Workshop
  248. Chris Martenson – The Crash Course
  249. Chris Mathews - The Traders Mindset
  250. Chris Mathis - The Ultimate Divergence Trading Course
  251. Chris Tate - Breakout Trading Systems
  252. Chuck Hughes - MVP Secrets
  253. Chuck Hughes – Global PowerTrend System
  254. Chuck Hughes – High Accuracy Trade Selection
  255. Chuck LeBeau - A New Look At Exit Strategies
  256. Chuck LeBeau - Precise Exits & Entries - Guide to ATR & ADI
  257. ClayTrader - Advanced Options
  258. ClayTrader - Mastering Level 2
  259. ClayTrader - Risk Vs. Reward Trading
  260. ClayTrader - Robotic Trading Skill Sharpening
  261. ClayTrader - Shorting for Profit
  262. ClayTrader - Trampoline Trading
  263. ClayTrader - Volcano Trading
  264. ClayTrader Mastering Level
  265. Cloud9Forex - Online Course
  266. CLS Course
  267. CMT Exam - Review of Technical Analysis Book by Kirkpatrick & Dahlquist
  268. CMT Exam Classes
  269. CMT Program
  270. Colibri Trader - The Price Action Method
  271. Commodities Crash Course
  272. CompassFX - DOTS Method
  273. Complete Candlestick Trading
  274. Complete trading course for intraday & swing trading by HYIT
  275. CompleteTrader-Spartan forex Trade Room
  276. Comprehensive Market Profile Seminar - Tom Alexander - 2011
  277. Comprehensive Market Profile Seminar by Tom Alexander,
  278. Condor Broken Wing Butterfly Options Trading Course System
  279. Connie Brown - Price Projection Methods
  280. Connors Research - Advanced AmiBroker Coding
  281. Connors Research-Introduction to AmiBroker Programming
  282. Consistent Options Income - Guns and Butter
  283. Constance Brown - Price Projection Method.mp4
  284. Constance Brown - Trading S&P with fibs and intermarket
  285. Copy Trade Profit - Millionaire Forex Course
  286. Corey Halliday - Build a Solid Foundation for Trading Options
  287. Course Level 2 (Pip Netter)
  288. Cristina Ciurea - Scientific Forex Trading
  289. Crypto Crew University
  290. Crypto Flash Trader
  291. Crypto Market Volatility Update
  292. Crypto Picasso - Elliot Wave & Market Psychology Course
  293. Crypto Picasso Bits to Freedom Video Course
  294. Crypto Swap Profits Mastermind
  295. Crypto Trading Mastery
  296. Cryptocurrency Trading and ICO Investment Masterclass 2018
  297. cryptocurrency_masterclass_how_to_select_an_altcoin_explore_beyond
  298. Cryptonary Cryptocurrency Course
  299. Currency Trading Crash Course
  300. Currency--Commodity-Options GC
  301. Curso Price Action Profissional 2018 - André Machado - Portuguese
  303. Curtis Arnold - Using Pattern Probability to Trade With The Trend
  304. Cynthia Kase - Applying Breakthrough Trading Tools
  305. D-Trading
  306. D.B. Vaello - The Institute of Order Flow Analytics - Intensive Boot Camp 5 Day Course
  307. DailyFX Forex Trading
  308. Dalton Capital - Using Market Logic Techniques with the Market Profile - Advanced Course
  309. Damon Verial - Gap.Trading.for.Stock.and.Options.Traders
  310. Damon Verial - How to Predict and Prepare for a Stock Market Crash
  311. Damon Verial - Risk Management and Trading Psychology for Investors
  312. Dan Gibby - Mastering The Markets
  313. Dan Hollings - The Plan
  314. Dan Kennedy - The Source Code to Business Success and Advanced Wealth Attraction
  315. Dan Manternach & Scott Davis – Multiply Your Money with Ag Commodities
  316. Dan Sheridan - 8 Successful Iron Condor Methodologies
  317. Dan Sheridan - Butterflies for monthly Income 2016
  318. Dan Sheridan - Fantastic 4
  319. Dan Sheridan - Trading Weekly Options for Income 2016
  320. Dan Zanger
  321. Daniel Bustamante – Learn to Make Money Trading Options
  322. Daniel Savage - The NEW Bundle
  323. Daryl Guppy - Modern Darvas Trading Course
  324. Daryl Guppy - Precision Pattern Trading Course
  325. Dave Caplan - How To Use Option Volatility To Turn Trading Odds
  326. Dave Caplan - The Options Advantage Vol 1
  327. Dave Gagne – Trading Master Plan Deluxe Ed
  328. Dave Landry - Stock Selection Course
  329. Dave Vallieres -Tradingology
  330. David Bean - Algorithmic Trading Systems - Advanced Gap Strategies for the Futures Markets
  331. David Bean - Seven Trading Systems for The S&P Futures
  332. David Duty_s Common $ense Commodities Trading Course
  333. David Elliott - Flat-Waves-Linear-Regression
  334. David Elliott Commodity Channel Index
  335. David Elliott MAP-SOAP-Patterns
  336. David Elliott Momo-Breakouts
  337. David Elliott Snap-Backs
  338. David Elliott The Four Horsemen; Most Powerful Candlestick Patterns
  339. David H. Weis - Catching Trend Reversals
  340. David Nasser - Precision.Trading.Techniques
  341. David Penn - The Three Secrets to Trading Momentum Indicators
  342. David Smith – Short Swing Trading v6.0
  343. David Stendahl - Finding Winning Systems
  344. David Stendahl - Winning With Value Charts
  345. David Vallieres - Expert.OptionTrading
  346. David Weis - Wave Webinar
  347. David Weis - Weis on Wyckoff Renko Charts
  348. David Weis Missing
  349. David Weis Nightly Rpt 2014
  350. David Weis Nightly Rpt 2015
  351. Davide Franceschini - Surfing the Pips
  352. Day Trade Stocks with 6 Best Trading Strategies
  353. Day Trade Warrior – Advanced Day Trading
  354. Day Trading Institution $1000
  355. Day Trading to Financial Freedom (
  356. Day Trading University - Tape Reading Secrets
  357. Day Trading with OFA
  358. Day.Trading.Futures.Stocks.and.Crypto
  359. Day.Trading.Secrets.Forex.Course
  360. DayTrading Zone Bootcamp
  361. Dean Graziosi - The Automation Blueprint
  362. Dean Lundell - Sun Tzu and The Art of War for Traders
  363. Deeyana Angelo - Institutional OrderFlow
  364. Deeyana Angelo - Introduction to MP
  365. Delta Discovery Russian Trading Course
  366. Dennis Minogue - How to Build A Fortune Trading Stock Index Futures
  367. Detect Fraud and Predict the Stock Market with TensorFlow
  368. Dimitri Speck - Trading Seasonal and Cyclical Patterns
  369. DiNapoli Levels Academy - 2 Day Fib Workshop
  370. Divesh Nair - Analyzing Annual Reports for Beginners
  371. DIY Advance Options Trading Strategies (5 Courses) 11 Hours
  372. Doc Severson - Mark Douglas Casino Exercise
  373. Doc Severson - Price Action Madness
  374. Doc Severson - Which Indicators Work
  375. Don Fishback - How to Spot 90 Percent Winners Instantly
  376. Don Fishback - Profit Power (Profit Secrets of Options Trading)
  377. Don Kaufman - Coaching Session; Time and Sales
  378. Don Kaufman - Options 101 Series
  379. Don Kaufman - Options 201 Series
  380. Don Kaufman - Options 301 Series
  381. Don Kaufman - Reddit Traders Riot
  382. Don Kaufman - Survive and Thrive in Extreme Volatility
  383. Don Kaufman - Surviving Extreme Volatility -1-27-16
  384. Don Kaufman-Simpler Options-Set it and forget it
  385. Don Schellenberg – Advanced Strategies in Forex Trading
  386. Don Steinitz Recorded Webinars
  387. Don Wellenreite - Hedging Your Stock Portfolio
  388. Donald Trump - How to Get Rich (Audio Book)
  389. DonFishback - Profit.Power.Profit.Secrets.of.Options.Trading
  390. Donna Kline - The Mechanics of Trading
  391. Douglas Ehrman – The Handbook of Pairs Trading
  392. Doyle Exchange - Advanced Day Trading Course
  393. Dr Howard B Bandy - Quantitative Technical Analysis
  394. dr-gary-dayton-point-and-figure-charting
  395. dr-gary-dayton-trade-the-trend
  396. Dr. Andrew Menaker - Trading Psychology Video Package
  397. Dr. Gary Dayton - The Essential Wyckoff Playbook
  398. Dr.Howard B.bandy - Quantitative.Technical.Analysis
  399. DTA
  400. DTI Geoffrey Smith - Seven Strategies for Profitable Trading
  401. Duncan Cramer - Advanced Quantitative Data Analysis - pdf
  402. Dynamic Technical Analysis - Philippe Cahen
  403. Dynamic Traders - The Art of Trading a Correction
  404. Earik Beann
  405. Easy 5-Step Fibonacci Swing Trading System
  406. Eben Pagan - Money Psychology
  407. ecs.SWAT - Simple Wave Analysis and Trading by Chris Svorcik
  408. ED PONSI - FXeducator Forex Trading
  409. Edward O. Thorp-A Man for All Markets, From Las Vegas to Wall Street
  410. Egill Bjorgvinnson - Technical.Analysis.From.Beginner.To.Pro
  411. Egill Bjorgvinsson - LearnTo Trade the Improved ( Advanced ) Patterns
  412. Electronic.AGS.Trading.Workshop
  413. Elev8 Trading
  414. Elev8 Updates March
  415. Elliot Waves + Fibo
  416. Elliott Wave Int. - Educational Video Series Volumes 1 - 10 by Robert Prechter, Dave Allman & Wayne Gorman
  417. Elliott Wave Junctures
  418. Elliott Wave Ultimate & Harmonic
  419. EminiAddict
  420. Envelope Profit System
  421. Epic Sequal! FOUS4x2! New Day Trading Strategies
  422. Euan Sinclair – Option Trading. Pricing & Volatility Strategies & Technique
  423. EUSE
  424. Everything Presidential
  425. Exact Trading - Price Action Trader Training
  426. Explosive Bottoming Patterns
  427. Exponential Moving Average.mp4
  428. EzeeTrader - MBT.Swing.Trading.2014
  429. Ezeetrader -Divergent Swing Trading 2015
  430. Falcon - foundation series 2020
  431. Falcon FX Pro
  432. Falcon FX.Forex.Course
  433. Falcon FxPro Full Course
  434. Fast-Up Trading Mentorship
  435. Feibel Trading - Logical Price Action
  436. FestX - Main Online Course
  437. Ffounders Ebooks
  438. Fib Finer Points SPS
  439. FIB IN 4 - Learning to Trade Using fibonnaci by Josh
  440. Fib Trader Workshop 2004 Carolyn Boroden
  441. Fibonacci Swing Trader v 2.0 (ForexMentor) by Frank Paul
  442. Fibonacci Trading - Learn How to Trade with Fibonacci Video Training
  443. Fibs Don't Lie - Day Trading Course 2018
  444. Fibs Don't Lie Advanced
  445. Fibs Dont Lie
  446. Financial Markets Online - VIP Membership
  447. Financial Spread Betting - TRADING WITH INDICATORS
  448. Flagship Trading Course
  449. Flipping Markets Video Course
  450. Flipping_Markets_Trading_Plan
  451. Flipping-markets Mentorship
  452. FlyDownX
  453. Football Hedging System by Tony Langley
  454. Footprint Deep Dive
  455. Forever-Blue---Forex-Course
  456. foreverinprofit
  457. Forex Bible - The Key to Understanding the Forex Market
  458. Forex Chasers – FX Chasers 3.0
  459. Forex for Beginners Easy Forex Trading for Beginners
  460. Forex Harmonic Pattern Trading- With Multiple Chart Examples
  461. forex hunt
  462. Forex Marvel Trader
  463. Forex Master Class – Your A-Z Step By Step Guide To Mastering The Forex Market
  464. Forex Mentor Full [3 DVDs] [Full Trading Video Course]
  465. Forex Raid Trading
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  467. Forex Scalping Masterclass ( Scalping Strategy ) - Daksh Murkute
  468. Forex Scalping Strategy Course-Guide in Scalping the Forex
  469. Forex Skill Trader (FST) - ICT Style Trader
  470. Forex Trading A-Z™ - With LIVE Examples of Forex Trading
  471. Forex Trading Course Trade New 12 Forex Robots Every Month
  472. Forex Trading Like Banks - Step by Step by Live Examples
  473. Forex Trading Powerful Strategy Trade like a PRO!
  474. Forex Ultimate Video Course (Forex Brotherhood)
  475. Forex Watchers - Elite Advanced Course
  476. FOREX WINNERS - Break The Band Stratergy
  478. Forexmentor - The Advanced Forex Price Action Techniques
  479. ForexWinners-The Complete 12 Week Transformation
  480. Fortune Builders - Private Money Academy - Raising Private Money Course
  481. Fotis Trading Academy - GLOBAL MACRO PRO TRADING COURSE
  482. Fractal Markets - Webinars
  483. Frank Bunn - Chart Patterns Profits
  484. Frank Bunn -Trading Inside Bars - Master 1 Easy Pattern To Be Successful
  485. Frank Buttera - Market Profile
  486. Frank Paul - Forex Profit with MACD
  487. Frank Paul - Forex Profits With MACD
  488. Frank Paul - Trendline Mastery
  489. Frank Paul – Forex Profits with COT
  490. Fredric Lehrman - Prosperity Consciousness
  491. Freeburg-Nelson-Formula-Research
  492. French Trader - Forex Mentoring
  493. French Trader - Master The Markets 2.0
  494. Friedlander Sachs - Learn & Download the 40 Best MT4 Indicators
  495. FRM – 2000-2001-2002 Financial Risk Manager Examination CD, GARP
  496. FRM – 2001 – Financial Risk Manager Examination, GARP
  497. FRM – 2002 – Financial Risk Manager Examination, GARP
  498. FRM – 2002 – FRM Examination by 2004 Schweser Study Program with Answers
  499. FTM Stratergy
  500. Fulcrumtrader - Momentum Signals Interactive Training
  501. Fundamental Analysis - Build a Career in Forex Trading
  502. FutexLive - Market Profile
  503. FutexLive - Price Ladder
  504. Futures Trader 71 - Basics of Market Profile Course
  505. Futures Trader 71 Members Webinars
  506. FX At One Glance - High Probability Price Action Video Course
  507. FX At One Glance - Ichimoku Course
  508. FX At One Glance - Understanding How To Trade Fractals
  509. FX Capital - Jackpot Strategy
  510. FX Capital Online
  511. FX Cartel Course
  512. Fx MindShift by jeff
  513. FX Savages - 3 Day Bootcamp
  514. FX Simplified
  515. FX Traders ClassRoom - Harmonic Course
  516. FX Traders Classroom - The Ultimate Introduction to Forex Trading
  517. FXFundingMate - Course
  518. FXFundingMate - Course
  519. FXSnipers - Marco Bonilla
  520. G.Scott Martin - Futures(Commodity) Trading
  521. Galen Woods - DayTrading with Price Action
  522. Gamma Trading Class by Mark Sebastian
  523. Gann Masters Trading Course 2000
  524. Gann Positional Swing Calculator, $60 (
  525. Gann Suite 1.1.08 (
  526. Gann Wheel 1.2.15 (
  527. Gary Dayton - Signs of Strength & Weakness.mp4
  528. Gatex - Future of Trading
  529. Gavin Holmes - VSA Forex Trading Mentorship Course
  530. GDay - Signature Series
  531. Geneva Trade Centre - Performer
  532. George A Fontanills & Tom Gentile-Optionetics - 15Cd Stocks & Stock Market Options Trading Course
  533. George Angell - How To Day Trade SP 500 Futures
  534. George Angell - Spyglass LSS Day Trading Workshop
  535. George Fontanills - Creating The Optimal Trade
  536. GFA Flips - Double Your Capital In 30 Days
  537. Gilmore Bryce - Dynamic Time and Price Analysis of Market Trends - pdf
  538. Glen Ring - Building A Better Trader Laying the Foundations
  539. Glen Ring - How To Capture Big Profits From Explosive Markets
  540. Glen Ring - Technical Analysis The Basics
  541. Glen Ring, Ron Michaelsen & Steve Briese
  542. Glenn Neely - Elliot waves -mastering elliott waves - pdf
  543. Glenn Neely - NeoWave Taking Elliot Wave into the 21st Century
  544. Glenn Neely - NeoWaveTM - How to Take the Guesswork out of Elliott Wave
  545. Gold Minds Global
  546. Gold Minds Global - 5 Day Program
  547. Golden Bridge Trading Academy - Live Sessions
  548. Golden Option Trading - Forex Course
  549. Grace Cheng - The PowerFX Course (
  550. Grant Noble - Why Traditional Technical Analysis
  551. Greatest Trading Tools with Michael J Parsons
  552. Greg Capra - Breadth Internal Indicators
  553. Greg Capra - Direct Access Trading
  554. Greg Capra - Pristine Stock Trading Method
  555. Greg Loehr - Straddles, Strangles, and Gamma Scalping Class
  556. Guy Spier -The Education of a Value Investor
  557. Hacking Financial Markets - 25 Tools For Trading & Investing (2016)
  558. HafiqShadow
  559. HafiqShadow 2022
  560. Hamza Academy
  561. Hamzei Analytics – Trade Options Like a DPM with The Admiral Webinar Series
  562. Handz University
  563. Hank Pruden – The Wycoff Method Supply-Demand Advanced analysis
  564. Hank Pruden-Wyckoff By Action
  565. Hanzo Shadowcodes
  566. Hari Swaminathan - IncomeMAX Spreads & Strangles Class - Options Trading Systems
  567. Hari Swaminathan - Options Trading Basics (3-Course Bundle)
  568. Hari Swaminathan - SwingTradeMAX & EarningsMAX Class - Option Trading Systems
  569. Harmonic Trading The Cypher Pattern
  570. Harvey Walsh – Day Trading Freedom Course & Members Area Videos
  571. Hector Forex Trading Course
  572. Hedge Fund Trading System
  573. Hedge Master Forex. Scaled Equation v2
  574. High Probability Price Action Video Course
  575. Highstrike Trading School
  576. Horizontal support and resistance levels in trading
  577. How I Made $200,000 in Cryptocurrency in 1 Week Without Trading
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  580. How the Stock Market Works
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  582. How To Buy-Sell Bitcoin With TradingView Chart Signals
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  587. How You Can Identify Turning Points Using Fibonacci with Wayne Gorman
  588. HU$TLE
  589. HU$TLE
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  592. HunterFX
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  594. IBD - Home Study Course (Pdf - Level02)
  595. IBD - IPO Trading Strategies Home Study Program
  596. IBD - Trading Summit ( San Deigo)
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  599. ICT 2022
  600. Idan Gabrieli - Stop Being Stock Market Plankton
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  602. Ilham04fx2
  603. iMarketsLive Academy - Course
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  608. Infinite Prosperity
  609. Infinity Futures - Sierra Charting Webinars
  610. Infosec4t.Technical.Analysis.MasterClass.Earn.With.Technical.Analysis
  611. Innovative Risk Reversal Options Trading Income Strategy
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  613. Introduction to Professional Stock Trading
  614. Investing Valuation Ratio analysis for profit
  615. Investment Banking Operations Securities Trade Life Cycle
  616. Investools - Advanced Technical Analysis Course
  617. Investopedia Academy - Advanced Options Trading
  618. Investopedia Academy - Become a Day Trader
  619. Investopedia Academy - Binary Options
  620. Investopedia Academy - Crypto Trading
  621. Investopedia Academy - Forex Trading For Beginners
  622. Investopedia Academy - Options for Begginers
  623. Investopedia Academy - Technical Analysis
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  625. Investor’s Business Daily - IBD Home Studies
  626. Investors Underground - Textbook Trading
  627. InvestorsLive - Textbook Trading DVD
  628. InvestorsLive DVD
  629. Irek Piekarski - Trading
  630. Irek Piekarski – Trading MasterClass
  631. Irvin B.Tucker – Microeconomics for Today (2nd Ed.)
  632. ITPM - The Emergency Trading Room Portfolio Repair from Covid 19
  633. J.R.Stevenson – Precision Trading with Stevenson
  634. Jack Bernstein - Spotting Price Swings & Seasonal Patterns (Video & Manual 413 MB)
  635. Jack Bernstein – Five New Tools for Winners
  636. Jack Schwager - Market Wizards
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  638. jack-hughes - Systematic Productive Algorithm.mp4
  639. Jackson Zones
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  641. Jaime Johnson - The Art of Trading A Correction
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2023.05.19 09:27 ivychen300 Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2023

LPI (LP Information)' newest research report, the “Vitamin C Facial Serum Industry Forecast” looks at past sales and reviews total world Vitamin C Facial Serum sales in 2022, providing a comprehensive analysis by region and market sector of projected Vitamin C Facial Serum sales for 2023 through 2029. With Vitamin C Facial Serum sales broken down by region, market sector and sub-sector, this report provides a detailed analysis in US$ millions of the world Vitamin C Facial Serum industry.
This Insight Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global Vitamin C Facial Serum landscape and highlights key trends related to product segmentation, company formation, revenue, and market share, latest development, and M&A activity. This report also analyzes the strategies of leading global companies with a focus on Vitamin C Facial Serum portfolios and capabilities, market entry strategies, market positions, and geographic footprints, to better understand these firms' unique position in an accelerating global Vitamin C Facial Serum market.
This Insight Report evaluates the key market trends, drivers, and affecting factors shaping the global outlook for Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine and breaks down the forecast by type, by application, geography, and market size to highlight emerging pockets of opportunity. With a transparent methodology based on hundreds of bottom-up qualitative and quantitative market inputs, this study forecast offers a highly nuanced view of the current state and future trajectory in the global Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine .
This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries.
The main participants
Rohto Pharmaceutical
L'Oréal Group
Timeless Skin Care
Johnson & Johnson
Reviera Overseas
Dr. Ci:Labo
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare
HCP Wellness
Segmentation by type
Ethyl VC
Segmentation by application
Online Sales
Specialty Store
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What is the 10-year outlook for the global Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine market?
What factors are driving Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine market growth, globally and by region?
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How do Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine market opportunities vary by end market size?
How does Paper Vitamin C Facial Serum Machine Forming MachineMachine break out type, application?
What are the influences of COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine war?
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2023.05.19 01:29 regoli Surrender to Steely Dan: How the insufferably perfectionist duo captured the hearts of a new generation of listeners

Here’s a piece in the June 2023 issue of The Atlantic, “Surrender to Steely Dan: How the insufferably perfectionist duo captured the hearts of a new generation of listeners” by Jack Hamilton.
(There’s a ahout-out to all of us here in the Dan sub!)
The first time I ever heard Steely Dan’s music wasn’t on a Steely Dan recording. It was the mid-1990s, and I was in my early teens, listening to a cassette of De La Soul’s 3 Feet High and Rising (1989), a hip-hop album that blew my young mind. I wanted to hear one track in particular, a love song called “Eye Know,” over and over again: It was so effervescent, so totally joyful. A few years later, I learned that “Eye Know” was constructed around a sample of “Peg,” the fourth track of Steely Dan’s 1977 album, Aja. Meanwhile, another Aja sample was making the rounds in hip-hop: The opening track, “Black Cow,” was the bedrock for Lord Tariq and Peter Gunz’s 1997 rap-radio blockbuster, “Deja Vu (Uptown Baby).”
Music obsessive that I was, this confounded me. Steely Dan—the musical handle of the songwriting pair Walter Becker and Donald Fagen—was considered toxically uncool. Steely Dan was also in the midst of a decades-long hiatus from releasing new studio albums, after putting out seven from 1972 to 1980. I knew the band’s 1974 hit, “Rikki Don’t Lose That Number,” a steady presence on classic-rock radio, but I had trouble wrapping my head and ears around it. The guy singing in a plaintive, nasal voice seemed pretty sure that Rikki was, in fact, going to lose that number; every time he sang “And you could have a change of hea-a-art,” a gnarled run of notes followed that sounded oddly aggressive. I recognized the bass piano line from Horace Silver’s bossa-jazz chestnut “Song for My Father,” because I’d played it in my own jazz-piano lessons. But what was it doing in a pop song? “Rikki” ’s strange combination of jazz, rock, and R&B, alchemized into a near-frictionless sonic slickness, seemed antithetical to the grunge-era ethos of anti-establishment, heart-on-your-sleeve authenticity.
In hindsight, Steely Dan’s Zelig-like presence in sample-based hip-hop looks like a harbinger of the band’s current renaissance: A duo that was one of the most polarizing acts in rock even at its peak, in the 1970s, has lately acquired an army of new fans, many of them remarkably young. Listeners born well after the group made its best-known work are especially ardent, as social-media accounts with names like “Good Steely Dan Takes” and “People Dancing to Steely Dan” (both of which have tens of thousands of followers) attest. Steely Dan memes steadily proliferate on Twitter and Instagram and among the massively popular SteelyDan Reddit community. In 2019, the music publication Pitchfork—which had reviewed the band’s 2000 comeback album, Two Against Nature, with cooler-than-thou contempt and given it a score of 1.6 out of 10—published retrospective reviews of five of the band’s most esteemed studio albums; all of them were rated 8.3 or higher.
The pop-culture critic Alex Pappademas (who wrote one of those Pitchfork reviews) dives into this “Danaissance” in Quantum Criminals: Ramblers, Wild Gamblers, and Other Sole Survivors From the Songs of Steely Dan, a collection of illustrated essays dreamed up in collaboration with the artist Joan LeMay. The book doesn’t aspire to be a history of the band’s vicissitudes or a conventional march through its discography. Instead, Pappademas offers a lively series of ruminations about individual songs, loosely pegged to the characters who populate those songs and who are rendered in playfully detailed and colorful portraits by LeMay. The result is both a celebration and an artifact of the current Steely Dan moment.
Pappademas tries out several theories to explain the Danaissance’s timing. The most compelling of them is the idea that their songs, full of gallows humor and wry disillusionment, resonate with a generation raised on crashing economies and a climate crisis. “Donald and Walter’s songs of monied decadence, druggy disconnection, slow-motion apocalypse, and self-destructive escapism seemed satirically extreme way back when; now they seem prophetic,” he writes. “We are all Steely Dan characters now.”
The truth is, Steely Dan’s trajectory has never been readily explicable. The band’s success defied rock-and-roll logic at every turn, starting with the fact that it wasn’t really a band. Steely Dan was the invention of two young men who had met at Bard College in the late 1960s and were obsessed with Bob Dylan and Charlie Parker in equal measure. Shortly after leaving Bard, Fagen and Becker moved to Los Angeles to become in-house songwriters for ABC/Dunhill Records. When their compositions proved too offbeat for other ABC artists to perform, the pair began to record the work themselves, with Fagen on keyboards and vocals, Becker on bass, and a roster of top-flight rock players rounding out the proceedings. ABC released Steely Dan’s first album, Can’t Buy a Thrill, in 1972. It sold 500,000 copies within weeks and spun off two hit singles, “Do It Again” and “Reelin’ in the Years.”
If Can’t Buy a Thrill had been the only album Steely Dan ever made, we would remember the band very differently. Fagen doesn’t even sing lead on three of the album’s tracks, and by Steely Dan’s later standards, the music is almost shaggy, full of jangling guitars and earworm radio-pop flourishes. It’s steeped in folk rock, Beatles-esque chord changes, and ’60s-vintage soul grooves. No other Steely Dan album feels quite so eager to be liked. Steely Dan’s success defied rock-and-roll logic at every turn, starting with the fact that it wasn’t really a band.
When Fagen and Becker followed up a year later with Countdown to Ecstasy, their true sound took shape. Their second album is full of dazzling rhythms, sophisticated harmonic structures, lyrics that are spiky and evocative and seethe with mordant disaffection. “Will you still have a song to sing when the razor boy comes and takes your fancy things away?” Fagen croons on “Razor Boy,” so mellifluously that you can easily miss that he’s singing about death.
After Countdown, nearly every aspect of Fagen and Becker’s project felt like a deliberate flouting of rock conventions. No sooner had 1974’s Pretzel Logic, propelled by the popularity of “Rikki Don’t Lose That Number,” become their biggest-selling album yet than Fagen and Becker decided to stop touring and reimagine Steely Dan as a purely studio-based entity. The duo proceeded to host a churn of crack session musicians, summoned to perform—at near-impossible levels of exactitude—compositions that grew ever more ambitious and technically demanding. Working with the producer Gary Katz and the engineer Roger Nichols, Fagen and Becker were in pursuit of perfect tones, perfect textures, perfect sounds. Steely Dan released two more studio albums—Katy Lied (1975) and The Royal Scam (1976)—before Aja in 1977, and Gaucho three years later. And then Steely Dan didn’t make another studio album for 20 years.
Like jazz greats of earlier generations, Fagen and Becker composed music full of dense harmonic structures and intricate arrangements. They openly worshipped at the feet of those masters: The only cover they ever recorded was a reverently faithful rendition of Duke Ellington’s 1926 classic “East St. Louis Toodle-oo,” which appeared on Pretzel Logic. (In case anyone missed it, the song was also included on Steely Dan’s 1978 Greatest Hits album.)
They wrote surreal, scabrously witty songs about washed-up hipsters and failed threesomes, the incongruity of their buffed-to-a-shine sound adding to the humor. Their lyrics name-dropped a wide range of figures, among them the avant-garde mezzo-soprano Cathy Berberian; the Queen of Soul, Aretha Franklin; and Napoleon. They also wrote about unforgettably strange fictional figures who went by names like “Felonious,” “Kid Charlemagne,” and “Deacon Blues.” In sharp and funny chapters, Pappademas riffs on this cast of characters in ways that capture the band’s cultural context and musical debts. The inspiration for “Kid Charlemagne,” for example, is the hippie “Acid King” Augustus Owsley Stanley III—the principal LSD chemist for the Merry Pranksters and the Grateful Dead (as well as the Dead’s longtime soundman)—whose decline the song recounts. “Alone without a community of revolutionaries around him,” Pappademas writes, “he’s now just another criminal on the run.”
Steely Dan’s music posed a question: Was it possible to be an ironist and a perfectionist simultaneously? Was taking rock and roll this seriously a high-concept joke, or the only way to unlock the music’s full creative potential? Or had Steely Dan somehow come up with a blend of both, a virtuosic balancing act of scathing satire and fervent earnestness? At one point, Pappademas describes Fagen and Becker as “cynical about their own cynicism,” a phrase that hints at the fierce idealism that runs beneath the surface of even their iciest music.
[ A photograph of the classic rock group Steely Dan inside the recording studio. Steely Dan’s Walter Becker (second from left) and Donald Fagen (far right) in 1973; others, from left to right: Jim Hodder, Denny Dias, and Jeff “Skunk” Baxter. (Michael Ochs Archives / Getty)]
Such contradictions made Steely Dan an anomalous presence in the landscape of 1970s rock. The band-that-wasn’t-really-a-band was devoid of the phallic swagger of, say, Led Zeppelin or Aerosmith. While Bruce Springsteen was redefining heroic authenticity and gracing the covers of national magazines, Fagen and Becker retreated behind their retinue of characters. Steely Dan’s ever-changing lineups deprived the band’s public of the personality-driven soap operas that fans thrilled to in groups such as the Rolling Stones and Fleetwood Mac. The pair’s refusal to tour stood out as arena rock became a massive business; Fagen and Becker never even appeared on one of their studio-album covers. At a time when rock stardom was synonymous with being cool, the two of them seemed uninterested in being rock stars and completely indifferent to being cool.
Aja’s success was unusual, even for this unusual band. Released just weeks after Elvis Presley died and in the middle of the year that punk broke, the album became the biggest commercial hit of Steely Dan’s career, peaking at No. 3 on the Billboard album chart. Fans debate whether it’s the best Steely Dan album, but it’s certainly the quintessential Steely Dan album. An extraordinary fusion of styles filtered through the duo’s explosively ambitious songcraft and sonic architecture, Aja features more than 30 credited musicians, a who’s who of the world’s top jazz, rock, and R&B session players.
An old joke about Steely Dan’s reliance on studio musicians has it that Fagen and Becker were writing music so difficult that they couldn’t even play it themselves. This isn’t true: Both were terrific instrumentalists and can be heard all over Aja. Still, the deployment of so many hired guns was one of the most controversial and misunderstood aspects of their endeavor; detractors, viewing it as proof of prefab inauthenticity, disparaged Steely Dan as essentially a factory dedicated to turning out the world’s most finely tuned musical product.
But enlisting studio players, far from an abdication of artistic vision, was a fanatical assertion of Fagen and Becker’s vision. The fantasy that rock-and-roll bands are democracies—melting pots of individual contributions and sensibilities, wholes greater than the sum of their parts—is deep-seated and attractive. By Aja, Steely Dan had dispensed with such notions (if its founders had ever embraced them): Fagen and Becker were the bosses, and everyone else was an employee. To use a famous example, the pair reportedly brought in as many as eight different guitarists to try playing the roughly 25-second guitar solo on “Peg.” (Jay Graydon finally got it, after what he later recalled as “four, five hours” of takes.)
From one angle, this looks like tyrannical micromanagement; from another, it looks like the sort of uncompromising rigor and sacrifice—of time, money, and other people’s individual talent—in the service of a relentless aspiration that certain great art requires. In the case of Steely Dan, listeners can find themselves under unforgiving pressure too: Insistent about making music entirely on their terms, Fagen and Becker deliver a sound defined by calculating precision, one that offers little of the visceral thrill of impulsivity that many fans expect from rock music. It’s a listening experience that some will find deeply alienating, others endlessly alluring.
“There are artists who don’t work this way,” Pappademas writes, “but none of them have made ‘Peg,’ ” a song that he extols in terms that distill the Steely Dan aesthetic: It’s “a hundred layers carefully positioned to create the illusion of casual cohesion, a whole ecosystem arrayed in a shape as sleek as a surfboard.” As detail-oriented as his muses, Pappademas dedicates an entire paragraph in an essay about “Show Biz Kids”—a song he identifies as the very first rock song “about being afraid of people younger and cooler than you”—to a four-bar phrase that occurs three minutes and 49 seconds in and lasts about seven seconds itself. The fleeting moment might seem tossed-off: The guitar drops out and we’re left with a roiling marimba and Fagen intoning a profane line about Hollywood scions (“They don’t give a fuck about anybody else”). But Pappademas, fastening on that small but crucial arrangement choice, pronounces it “the coolest and therefore most important part of the song.” “Yes!” I exclaimed, instantly appreciating his insight.
Fully accounting for the collective “Yes!” that is now greeting Steely Dan may be hopeless, but the lineage of that yes is rich and suggestive. Decades ago, young hip-hop artists stumbled upon Steely Dan because of the band’s popularity among a slightly older generation of Black listeners—De La Soul’s Kelvin Mercer (also known as Posdnuos) has recalled first listening to “Peg” as a child with his father, years before the sample found its way onto 3 Feet High and Rising. Now, as a new generation of listeners discovers the band, the sonic and stylistic polish of Steely Dan that seemed so divisive in the ’70s—and in the ’90s—is evidently no longer such a deterrent. Slick doesn’t carry the sting that it used to.
Click through for the last two ‘graphs:
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2023.05.18 20:39 OrdinarryAlien Violence and Chess

Written by Bill Wall
Perhaps the oldest anecdote of chess and violence is the case of al-Walid I (668-715) who was an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705-715. He was playing chess (shatranj) with one of his courtiers, who was a much stronger player than the Caliph, but was purposely making bad moves in order for the Caliph to win. One day, the Caliph observed this and was highly offended. He seized one of the heaviest chess pieces and hurled it at the courtier's head saying, 'May evil befall thee, base sycophant! Art thou in thy senses to play chess with me in this foolish manner?' An Arabic manuscript says that the caliph broke his opponent's head with a blow with his firzan (equivalent to the Queen piece).
One of the Charlemagne romances that may not have any historical importance is the following incident, related by Murray in the History of Chess, page 413. The son (Charlemagne?) of Pepin the Short (714-768) was playing chess against the son of Okarius (Okar), the prince of Bavaria, and became so enraged at repeatedly losing, that he hit the prince in the head with one of the chess pieces (rochus or rook) and killed him on the spot. In those days, chess pieces were usually made of rock crystal.
The Arab historian al-Masudi (896-956), writing in his travel diary in 950 A.D., described how they played and betted on chess in India. Players would wager their fingers on a game of chess. If a player lost, he would cut off a finger with his dagger, then plunge his hand in boiling water with special ointment to cauterize the wound. Then he returns to the game. Another loss would mean another loss of another finger. Sometimes a player who continued to lose would cut off all his fingers, his hand, his fore-arm, his elbow, and other parts of his body. After each amputation, he could cauterize the wound and return to another game of chess. (Murray, page 37)
Canute (995-1035), king of England, Denmark, Norway, and part of Sweden, was said to have killed an earl over chess. The story is found in The Chronicles of the Kings of Norway called the Saga of Olaf Haraldson. In 1028, the king, also known as Cnut the Great, was playing a game of chess with his brother-in-law, Earl Godwin Ulfnadson (Ulf), the husband of the king's sister, when the king made a bad move, which led to a loss of one of the king's pieces (a knight). The king took his move back, replaced his knight, and told the earl to play a different move. The earl got angry over this, overturned the chess board and started walking away. The king said "Runnest thou away, Ulf the coward?" The earl responded, "Thou wouldst have run farther at Helga river if thou hadst come to battle there. Thou didst not call me Ulf the coward when I hastened to thy help while the Swedes were beating thee like a dog." The earl then left the king's quarters. The next day, the king ordered the earl to be killed. The earl was stabbed to death at Saint Lucius' church. In 1035, Canute died at the Abbey in Shaftesbury, Dorset. According to Henry Bird in Chess History and Reminiscences, the king was killed while watching a chess game. Armed soldiers rushed into the building and slew Canute while his friend, Valdemar, who was playing chess, was severely wounded. Valdemar escaped using the chess board as a shield.
Around 1060, William the Conqueror (1027-1087), was playing chess with the Prince of France and got checkmated. The king then took the chessboard and hit the prince over the head with it.
Around 1120, King Henry I (1068-1135) of England and King Louis VI (1081-1137) of France got into a fistfight over a game of chess in Paris. One story says that Louis threw the chessboard at Henry; another says that Henry hit Louis over the head with the chessboard. Courtiers stepped in to stop the fight. This episode supposedly was the start of events that kept England and France at war for almost 12 years.
Around 1213, Jeanne or Joan (1194-1244), Countess of Flanders and the daughter of Baldwin IX (1172-1205), count of Flanders and first emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople, beat her husband, Ferdinand (1188-1233), prince of Portugal, in a game of chess. He got so mad that he hit her. In revenge, she left her husband in French captivity from 1214 to 1226, refusing to ransom him. (source: Murray, A History of Chess, 1913, p.436).
In 1251, the first known court case involving chess and violence appeared. It dealt with a chess player who stabbed his opponent to death. A quarrel arose between two players of Essex over a chess match. One of the players who lost was so angered that he stabbed his opponent in the stomach with a knife, killing him.
In 1263, an English court case was opened when a man stabbed a woman to death with his sword after losing to her in a game of chess (ad scaccarium). David de Bristoll was playing chess with Juliana, wife of Richard le Cordwaner, at Richard's house. David lost to Juliana, then stabbed her in the thigh before fleeing. (source: The London Eyre, 1276, case 151)
Atahualpa (1497-1533) was the last sovereign emperor of the Inca Empire. In 1532, the Spaniards sacked the Inca army camp and imprisoned Atahualpa. While in prison, he was taught chess by the Spaniards and became very good at it. Atahualpa advised Hernando de Soto in one game of chess that helped defeat one of the Spanish friars named Riquelme. Popular tradition in Peru says that Atahualpa would not have been condemned to death if he remained untutored in chess. Atahualpa was sentenced to death by 13 votes for and 11 against. It was Riquelme's vote that broke the tie that called for the death sentence. The Peruvian people say that Atahualpa paid with his life for the checkmate that Riquelme suffered because of his advice.
In the Middle Ages, murders resulting from chess were classed as lesser crimes, like wife-beating and dog napping.
In 1867, Wilhelm Steinitz got in a dispute with Blackburne at a City of London Chess Club game. Blackburne made an insulting remark and Steinitz spat towards Blackburne. Blackburne then smashed Steinitz in the face with his fist. Steinitz wrote, "...he struck with his full fist into my eye, which he blackened and might have knocked out. And though he is a powerful man of very nearly twice my size, who might have killed me with a few such strokes, I am proud to say that I had the courage of attempting to spit into his face, and only wish I had succeeded." Later, at a tournament in Paris in 1878, Blackburne returned to the hotel drunk and got in a quarrel with Steinitz. Steinitz wrote, "...and after a few words he pounced upon me and hammered at my face and eyes with fullest force about a dozen blows...But at last I had the good fortune to release myself from his drunken grip, and I broke the window pane with his head, which sobered him down a little." [sources: International Chess Magazine, Nov 1889, Chess Amateur, March 1913, pp. 132-135, and American Chess Bulletin, June 1913]
In the 1890s, Peter Hill (1870-1929) of Boston was operating the automaton Ajeeb at the Eden Musee when one defeated chess woman got so enraged tht she stuck a hatpin into the mouth of the automaton, wounding Hill. [source: Time magazine, Feb 4, 1929]
In 1915, the chess automaton was set up at Coney Island. One player lost to it and was so angry he took out a gun and shot at the automaton. It killed its hidden operator, which was covered up. In another incident with Ajeeb, a Westerner emptied his six-shooter into the automaton, hitting the operator in the shoulder. [source: New York Times, Jan 1929]
At Vienna in 1922, Alexander Alekhine (1892-1946) got so mad that he resigned in a game against Ernst Gruenfeld (1893-1962) by throwing the king across the room. (source: Reinfeld and Kmoch, Chess Review, Feb 1950, p. 55)
In May 1923, Alekhine smashed all the furniture in his hotel room at the Helenenhof Imperial Hotel after losing a game to Rudolf Spielmann (1883-1942) at the Carlsbad tournament. (source: Kmoch, Chess Review, May 1950, pp. 136-138).
In 1940, German Nazis arrested all the Jewish chess players that were meeting at the Kwiencinski Chess Cafe in Warsaw. The Germans had banned Jews from playing chess there. The Jews were all taken to a concentration camp and were later killed in a mass execution. Those killed included Polish masters Dawid Przepiorka, Achilles Frydmann, Stanislaw Kohn, and Moishe Lowtzky. [source: Chess Review, Jan 1942, p. 17]
In 1948, grandmaster David Bronstein (1924-2006) survived an assassination attack during the first chess Interzonal in Saltsjobaden, Sweden. On the last day, Bronstein was playing Tartakower when, suddenly, a Lithuanian made a lunge at Bronstein to kill him. Several spectators grabbed the would-be assassin. The attempted killer wanted to murder a Russian because he claimed the Russians were responsible for sending his sister to Siberia and murdering her.
In 1950, Walter Bjornson of Vancouver, British Columbia, was cut with a knife by his opponent during a chess game, leaving a 4 inch gash in his forearm. [source: Chess Review, Feb 1951, p. 38]
In 1954, the Argentine Chess Federation called off its national chess tournament in Buenos Aires after one of its invited chess players, Pedro Martin (1931-1973), punched one of the tournament directors. Martin was banned from Argentine tournament for one year. Twelve other chess masters joined Martin in a protest over the judging, so the national championship was cancelled. [sources: New York Times, Dec 1, 1954, p. 45 and Chess Review, Dec 1954, p. 358]
In 1959, there was a fight between two scientists over a game of chess at the Vostok Station in Antarctica. When one of the chess players lost his chess game, he became so enraged that he attacked the other with an ice axe. It is not known if the attack was fatal. Afterwards, chess games were banned at all the Soviet Antarctic stations.
In On June 1, 1960, an American sailor, Michael L. George, got into a fight at a Greenwich Village bar, Chumley's at 86 Bedford Street, when a spectator criticized the sailor's chess game after he lost. The sailor struck the spectator (Clinton Curtis, a free lance editor from Miami) with a broken beer bottle, which cut his jugular vein, and he died. The sailor was eventually acquitted of murder and charged with accidental death instead. (sources: New York Times, June 2, 1960 and The Village Voice, June 8, 1960).
In 1962, chess master Abe Turner (1924-1962) was stabbed to death by Theodore Smith at the office of Chess Review magazine. His body was found in a safe. [sources: The New York Times, Oct 26, 1962 and Tartajubow on Chess, July 16, 2011]
In May 1962, during the Candidates Tournament in Curacao, Bobby Fischer and Pal Benko got into a fight after Fischer asked Bisguier to assist him during an adjournment. But Benko also wanted Bisguier to help with his own adjournment with Petrosian. Benko supposedly insulted Fischer and Benko responded by slapping Fischer.
In 1964, chess master Raymond Weinstein (1941- ) killed an 83-year old man in a nursing home. He was judged mentally ill and is confined to Ward's Island for the mentally ill. [source: Tartajubow blog spot, Oct 11, 2011]
In 1966, ex-world chess champion Mikhail Tal (1936-1992) was beaten up and hit on the head with a beer bottle during the 1966 Olympiad in Havana. He was drinking and had been flirting with a woman in a bar when her drunk jealous boyfriend got in a fight with Tal. He missed the first five rounds of the Havana Chess Olympiad because of his injuries. [source: "17th Chess Olympiad: Havana 1966,"]
In 1979, Patrick McKenna, a prisoner in Nevada, strangled his Las Vegas cellmate, Jack J. Robles, after an argument over a chess game. He has been on death row for over 30 years. He was denied the latest in a long line of appeals. [source: Pinnock, "10 Facts About the Most Dangerous Criminal in Nevada — Patrick McKenna,", Jan 17, 2020]
In the 1980s, the Soviet Union banned cosmonauts from playing chess in space with each other (they can play against ground control personnel) after a fist fight once broke out between cosmonauts over a chess game.
From 1992 to 2006, Alexander Pichushkin (1974- ) went on a killing spree in Moscow. Pichushkin claimed he killed 63 people (48 confirmed) and his aim was to kill 64 people, one for each square on a chessboard. He is known as The Chessboard Killer.
In 1993, a person was shot and killed while playing chess in Bosnia, the first to die from sniper file while playing chess.
In 1994, Martin Wirth of Fort Collins, Colorado, shot Vernie Cox after the two argued over a chess game. Cox died of two gunshot wounds to the chest. Witnesses said that Wirth had lost a chess game with Cox, knocked over the chess board and some furniture, then began to argue with his opponent. Wirth went across the street to his home and returned with a gun and shot Cox to death.
In 1997, the Japanese ambassador's mansion in Lima, Peru, was taken over by a terrorist group with 72 hostages. A chess set was delivered during the hostage crises. Embedded in the chess pieces were tiny microphones. That gave the Peruvian commandos knowledge of the hostage takers. The information allowed an assault by the commandos, which freed 71 hostages. One hostage died of a heart attack. All 14 terrorists were killed.
In 2000, Laurence Douglas of Puoghkeepsie, New York, stabbed Craig Williams to death over a chess game. Williams had just beaten Douglas in a chess game that had a $5 wager. Williams took a$5 bill from Douglas after the game. Douglas then pulled out a knife and stabbed Williams 16 times.
In 2002, two players got into a fight at the World Open in Philadelphia when one of the players threw a basketball at another player between rounds.
In 2003, Simon Andrews of Falls Township, Pennsylvania, stabbed to death Jerry Kowalski during a chess game. Authorities said that Andrews was disturbed by Kowalski's constant talking during their chess games. Andrews then pulled a knife from under a sofa-bed mattress and stabbed Kowalski in the neck. Andrews was sentenced from 15 to 30 years in state prison.
In October 2004, the FIDE vice president, Zurab Azmaiparashvili, was punched, wrestled to the floor and dragged to jail by a group of security agents. During the closing ceremonies, he tried to get closer to the stage, but security people stepped in front of him, pushed him back, and assaulted him.
In 2005, chess master Robert Snyder was arrested in Colorado on charges of sexual assault. He later escaped and was featured on America's Most Wanted in 2009. He was later captured in Belize after someone recognized him from the TV show.
In 2006, Angela Gilbert, the mother of chess prodigy Jessie Gilbert who fell to hear death from a hotel, was arrested for threatening to kill her ex-husband.
In 2007, two players got into an argument at the Village Chess Shop in New York during a chess game. One player was using his piece to knock off the other player's piece rather than using the hands to remove a captured piece. One player than picked up the wooden board and hit the other player in the mouth, which drew blood. The police were called. The player that was hit was pressing criminal charges and vowed to sue.
In January 2008, Zachary Lucov was playing chess with Dennis Klien in Greensburg, Pennsylvania, when a scuffle broke out. Luco pulled out a gun and Klein was shot in the elbow. Lucov was arrested for aggravated assault and reckless endangerment.
In October 2008, David Christian of Iowa City got in a fight with Michael Steward while playing a game of chess at the rooming house where they both lived. He was sentenced to up to 10 years in prison for involuntary manslaughter. Christian choked Steward to death.
In February 2009, a man killed a friend with a sword after a chess game in Alameda, California. An argument broke out during their game, and the two started wrestling. Joseph Groom retreated to his bedroom and returned with a sword, which he used to stab Kelly Kjersem once. Kjersem later died.
On August 15, 2010, someone fired a shot at The Chess Club in Syracuse, New York. Damani Prince, a 16-year old boy received a gunshot wound to the foot. The shooting occurred shortly before midnight after a fight broke up a party at the Chess Club.
On September 1 2010, a chess game between inmates at the Indian River County Jail in Florida led to a fight. Christopher Brown was playing chess with another inmate in the cell block when Christopher O'Neal, 22, who was watching the game, commented about the game on the other inmate's behalf. Brown told O'Neal to shut up, but O'Neal ignored him and continued to discuss the ongoing chess game. The two then got into a fight. It took several detention deputies to break up the flight.
On August 11, 2011, two people were stabbed at Chuy's restaurant in Phoenix after police say a person got mad over a game of chess. Officers at the scene said two people were playing a game, but when one person won the game the other person got mad and stabbed the winner twice. The victim's friend jumped in and tried to help, but he was also stabbed.
In January 2012, K. Mohan stabbed a cabby, Ngoh Chin Boon, in the neck in Singapore after the victim ticked him off for disturbing his chess game. Mohan was talking loudly and shouting vulgarities while using a phone. Boon told Mohan to not talk so loudly because he was concentrating on a game of chess with a friend. A fight broke out and Mohan left, only to return with a knife. Mohan attacked Boon with the knife until he was pulled away by Boon's chess partner.
In July 2012, Jessie Leeth and Charles Cox were playing a game of chess in Morgan County, Alabama, when Cox started winning. Leeth got upset that Cox was winning and they got into a fight. Leeth then stabbed Cox in the side with a knife. Leeth was charged with assault.
On July 17, 2013, two players got in an argument over a chess game in Bellevue Washington. One of the men invited his neighbor over for a game of chess, but they got in an argument about the game. The man then pulled a gun on his opponent (perhaps they were playing bullet chess). The opponent fled the house and called the police. This led to an 8-hour standoff until a salvo of "flash bang" stun bombs and gas grenades were thrown into the house. The man then surrendered.
In January 2014, a 39-year-old minister named Tom O'Gorman was found stabbed to death in Dublin, Ireland in what detectives believe may have been a dispute over a late night game of chess. A man covered in blood was taken into custody and said to officers that a dispute started when an illegal move was played. An Italian man, Saverio Bellante, who had been living in a rented home in Dublin, killed his landlord over a game of chess. He was arrested for the killing after stabbing his landlord, Tom O 'Gorman, multiple times. Bellante told police that they were fighting over a chess game. Bellante was then asked by O'Gormon to leave the house following an argument over a chess move. Instead, Bellante found a kitchen knife and stabbed O'Gormon, then beat him over the head with a dumbbell. Bellante was also accused of eating the heart of his victim.
In March 2015, Stephen Dillard, a chess master, chess organizer (Vice President of the Kentucky Chess Association) and chess teacher, was stabbed by Ronshal Jenefor more than 140 times. Jenefor claimed that Dillard had molested him.
In October 2015, a fatal stabbing was averted at a library. James Vernon, a 75-year-old public library chess club teacher was injured saving children from a knife attack. He acted as a human shield against a public library attacker with two hunting knives. The attacker, Dustin Brown, barged into the classroom where Vernon was teaching chess claiming he was there to kill somebody. The children escaped, and Vernon suffered several knife wounds. The attack occurred at the public library in Morton, Illinois.
In June 2020, Ian Lewis, 56, was playing chess with his friend Louise Bailey, when he lost a game then became violent. He flipped the chess board over, pulled out a knife, cut her arm, and plunged the knife into her thigh at his home in Brighton, England. The knife did not penetrate an artery or cause more serious harm, bur her arm and thigh required several stitches. Both had been drinking. Lewis was sentenced to 3 years in prison in November, 2020. [source: New York Post, Nov 12, 2020]
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